Transcription profiling by 3'-end sequencing of whole blood from pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) patients and healthy controls for PDAC diagnosis
ABSTRACT: We sequenced the transcriptomes using massive analysis of cDNA ends (MACE) of whole blood samples from 25 healthy volunteers and 47 PDAC patients to identify mRNAs potentially allowing for discrimination between both groups
Project description:We sequenced the transcriptomes using massive analysis of cDNA ends (MACE) of whole blood samples from 25 healthy volunteers and 47 PDAC patients to identify mRNAs potentially allowing for discrimination between both groups
Project description:To investigate the different susceptibility to relapse, CRLF2-overexpressing cases with and without P2RY8-CRLF2 fusion were analyzed by next-generation sequencing based gene expression profiling.
Project description:This study examined the differences in human and parasite gene expression pattern between children with severe malaria and those with uncomplicated malaria through a dual RNA-seq approach. Peripheral blood samples were collected which contained substantial numbers of parasites that required no RNA enrichment prior to library preparation and sequencing.
Project description:In this study we aimed to assess technical variability associated with globin depletion in addition to assessing general technical variability in RNA-Seq from whole blood derived samples. We compared technical and biological replicates having undergone globin depletion or not and found that globin depletion removed approximately 80% of globin transcripts, improved the correlation of technical replicates, allowed for reliable detection of thousands of additional transcripts and generally increased transcript abundance measures. Peripheral whole blood transcriptome assessed by RNA-Seq on Illumina HiSeq 2000 in 6 healthy individuals and 6 pooled samples, either globin depleted or not.
Project description:The goal of this study is to identify aging-related biomarkers to improve our understanding of complex physiological changes, thereby providing a means to investigate the mechanism by which aging influences various diseases. Global gene expression patterns from peripheral blood of two groups of healthy young adult women, among which 13 were aged 22-25 and 9 were aged 36-39 years old, were compared to determine changes in gene expression that are associated with aging.
Project description:Whole blood transcriptional profiles of patients with (1) active pulmonary ['AdjuVIT active TB' and 'New active pulmonary'] and (2) extrapulmonary TB ['New active-extrapulmonary'] at time of diagnosis, (3) long-term recovery after treatment for active pulmonary TB ['AdjuVIT active TB'], (4) febrile illnesses presenting to hospital ['Fever mixed infection'] and (5) febrile pneumonia ['Fever pneumonia'] before antibiotic treatment, and (6) healthy vounteers. Each array sample represents a separate individual in each group. This submission includes two human whole genome Agilent Array Designs: A-MEXP-2104 and A-AGIL-28. Each of the individual raw array files are included as well as a single processed file representing the data matrix of all the merged and normalised data for the probes that are shared by the two array designs.
Project description:Background: The heteroplasmic mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutation A3243G causes the MELAS syndrome as one of the most frequent mitochondrial diseases. The process of reconfiguration of nuclear gene expression profile to accommodate cellular processes to the functional status of mitochondria might be a key to MELAS disease manifestation and could contribute to its diverse phenotypic presentation. Objective: To determine master regulatory protein networks and disease-modifying genes in MELAS syndrome. Methods: Analyses of whole blood transcriptomes from 10 MELAS patients using a novel strategy by combining classic Affymetrix oligonucleotide microarray profiling with regulatory and protein interaction network analyses. Results and Interpretation: Hierarchical cluster analysis elucidated that the relative abundance of mutant mtDNA molecules is decisive for the nuclear gene expression response. Further analyses confirmed not only transcription factors already known to be involved in mitochondrial diseases (such as TFAM), but also detected the hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α)/HIF-1β complex, nuclear factor Y (NF-Y) and CREB-related transcription factors as novel master regulators for reconfiguration of nuclear gene expression in response to the MELAS mutation. Correlation analyses of gene alterations and clinico-genetic data detected significant correlations between A3243G-induced nuclear gene expression changes and mutant mtDNA load as well as disease characteristics. These potential disease-modifying genes influencing the expression of the MELAS phenotype are mainly related to clusters primarily unrelated to cellular energy metabolism, but important for nucleic acid and protein metabolism, and signal transduction. Our data thus provide a framework to search for new pathogenetic concepts and potential therapeutic approaches to treat the MELAS syndrome. Peripheral blood samples were collected from ten A3243G MELAS patients and twenty age- and sex-matched healthy controls (2 controls for each patient). The patient cohort consisted of 4 females and 6 males, mean±s.e.m. age was 44.1±11.9 years (range: 22–63 years), mean±s.e.m. age at disease onset was 27.1±4.9 years (range: 13–55 years), mean±s.e.m. disease duration was 19.0±4.7 years (range: 4–43 years), and disease severity measured by the ‘Newcastle Mitochondrial Disease Adult Scale’ (NMDAS) 8 ranging from 0.0 (no symptoms) to 1.0 (maximum score) was 0.26±0.05 (range: 0.02–0.54).
Project description:We sequenced total RNA from whole blood samples of 27 wild gray wolves from Yellowstone National Park. Gene expression level analysis of both male and female wolves, ranging from ages 0.8-8.8 years.
Project description:Tick infestations by Rhipicephalus microplus, the cattle tick, cause enormous losses to health and animal production. Ticks induce immune response in their hosts; therefore their immunobiological control is feasible. The available anti-tick vaccines display variable efficacy and short-lived, encouraging the search for new protective antigens. The identification of important genes in tick parasitism may indicate protective antigens useful to compose an anti-tick vaccine. We have developed and tested so far four recombinant salivary antigens as a multicomponent anti-tick vaccine in tick-susceptible bovines (Holstein breed). The challenge with R. microplus larvae displayed that tick infestation in vaccinated bovines was significantly reduced. In order to elucidate the molecular mechanisms trigged after immunisation and during infestation, RNA-seq data of peripheral blood from vaccinated and control animals were obtained in different periods of the immunisation trial. A total of 24 mRNA-seq Illumina libraries (single-end, 100 bp) were analysed to identify differential gene expression according to the experimental condition.