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Tan2012 - Antibiotic Treatment, Inoculum Effect


ABSTRACT: Tan2012 - Antibiotic Treatment, Inoculum Effect The efficacy of many antibiotics decreases with increasing bacterial density, a phenomenon called the ‘inoculum effect’ (IE). This study reveals that, for ribosome-targeting antibiotics, IE is due to bistable inhibition of bacterial growth, which reduces the efficacy of certain treatment frequencies. This model is described in the article: The inoculum effect and band-pass bacterial response to periodic antibiotic treatment. Tan C, Phillip Smith R, Srimani JK, Riccione KA, Prasada S, Kuehn M, You L. Mol Syst Biol. 2012 Oct 9; 8:617 Abstract: The inoculum effect (IE) refers to the decreasing efficacy of an antibiotic with increasing bacterial density. It represents a unique strategy of antibiotic tolerance and it can complicate design of effective antibiotic treatment of bacterial infections. To gain insight into this phenomenon, we have analyzed responses of a lab strain of Escherichia coli to antibiotics that target the ribosome. We show that the IE can be explained by bistable inhibition of bacterial growth. A critical requirement for this bistability is sufficiently fast degradation of ribosomes, which can result from antibiotic-induced heat-shock response. Furthermore, antibiotics that elicit the IE can lead to 'band-pass' response of bacterial growth to periodic antibiotic treatment: the treatment efficacy drastically diminishes at intermediate frequencies of treatment. Our proposed mechanism for the IE may be generally applicable to other bacterial species treated with antibiotics targeting the ribosomes. This model is hosted on BioModels Database and identified by: MODEL1208300000 . To cite BioModels Database, please use: BioModels Database: An enhanced, curated and annotated resource for published quantitative kinetic models . To the extent possible under law, all copyright and related or neighbouring rights to this encoded model have been dedicated to the public domain worldwide. Please refer to CC0 Public Domain Dedication for more information.

DISEASE(S): Bacterial Infectious Disease

SUBMITTER: Cheemeng Tan  

PROVIDER: BIOMD0000000425 | BioModels | 2012-11-01

REPOSITORIES: BioModels

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Publications

The inoculum effect and band-pass bacterial response to periodic antibiotic treatment.

Tan Cheemeng C   Smith Robert Phillip RP   Srimani Jaydeep K JK   Riccione Katherine A KA   Prasada Sameer S   Kuehn Meta M   You Lingchong L  

Molecular systems biology 20120101


The inoculum effect (IE) refers to the decreasing efficacy of an antibiotic with increasing bacterial density. It represents a unique strategy of antibiotic tolerance and it can complicate design of effective antibiotic treatment of bacterial infections. To gain insight into this phenomenon, we have analyzed responses of a lab strain of Escherichia coli to antibiotics that target the ribosome. We show that the IE can be explained by bistable inhibition of bacterial growth. A critical requirement  ...[more]

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