ABSTRACT: Bam files from deep exome sequencing of blood DNA samples from five TET2 mutation carriers (Ly1, Ly2, Ly9, Ly11, Ly14) and three wild-type family members (Ly8, Ly10, Ly13) extracted at multiple time points. Library preparations were performed with SeqCap EZ Exome v3 (Roche, Switzerland) using six different index primers per sample for which paired-end Illumina sequencing was done with 75bp read length and HiSeq4000 sequencer. After alignment (bwa version 0.7.12), base recalibration (GATK 3.5), realignment around indels (GATK 3.5) and duplicate removal (MarkDuplicates; Picard Tools version 1.79), data from libraries with six different indexes were merged.
Project description:Raw reads from RNA-sequencing of monocyte-derived macrophages from three individuals with heterozygous TET2 loss (Ly9, Ly11, Ly14) and two wild-type controls (Ly8 and an unrelated control). Libraries were prepared using ScriptSeq RNA-Seq Library Preparation Kit and Illumina sequenced with paired-end 75bp reads.
Project description:Raw reads from ChIP- [Anti-Histone H3 (acetyl K27) (Abcam, ab4729)] and input sequencing of EBV transformed lymphoblastoid cells from three carriers of TET2 mutation (Ly9, Ly11 and Ly14) and two wild-type (Ly8 and Ly10) family members using Illumina HiSeq Rapid paired-end 60 bp sequencing.
Project description:Raw reads from whole-genome bisulfite sequencing. Whole-genome bisulfite sequencing library preparations and Illumina sequencing of DNA samples from TET2 mutation carriers (Ly9, Ly11, Ly14, Id1) and their age-matched controls (Ly8, Ly10, Ly13, Id2, Id3) was done as a service at BGI (BGI Tech Solutions Co., Ltd., China). Bisulfite treatment was done with EZ DNA Methylation-Gold Kit (Zymo Research, CA, USA) for 300-400bp size-range fragments with methylated adapters in 5' and 3' ends. Sequencing was done with the HiSeq X-Ten platform using paired-end 150 base-pair read length.
Project description:Raw reads from targeted bisulfite sequencing. The SureSelect Methyl-Seq target enrichment system (Agilent Technologies, Inc., CA, USA) was used to prepare bisulfite sequencing libraries from blood DNA samples of lymphoma patients (Ly1, Ly2), healthy family members (Ly8, Ly9, Ly10, Ly11, Ly12, Ly13 and Ly14), baseline controls (Control1-5), DNMT3A mutation carriers (Id5, Id7, Id9, Id11) and their age-matched controls (Id6, Id8, Id10, Id12). In addition, blood DNA sample of a patient (HLRCC_N7) with germline fumarate hydratase (FH) mutation is included. Illumina paired-end sequencing for targeted libraries from Ly1, Ly2, Ly8, Ly9, Ly10 and Ly11 was done at Karolinska Institutet using 100 base-pair read length and the HiSeq2000 platform. Illumina paired-end sequencing for targeted libraries from Ly12, Ly13, Ly14, and DNMT3A mutation carriers and their age-matched controls was done as a service at BGI (BGI Tech Solutions Co., Ltd., China) using 126 base-pair read length and the HiSeq2500 platform.
Project description:Summary:We present an updated version of our computational pipeline, PathSeq, for the discovery and identification of microbial sequences in genomic and transcriptomic libraries from eukaryotic hosts. This pipeline is available in the Genome Analysis Toolkit (GATK) as a suite of configurable tools that can report the microbial composition of DNA or RNA short-read sequencing samples and identify unknown sequences for downstream assembly of novel organisms. GATK PathSeq enables sample analysis in minutes at low cost. In addition, these tools are built with the GATK engine and Apache Spark framework, providing robust, rapid parallelization of read quality filtering, host subtraction and microbial alignment in workstation, cluster and cloud environments. Availability and implementation:These tools are available as a part of the GATK at https://github.com/broadinstitute/gatk. Supplementary information:Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.
Project description:Invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells develop into three subsets (NKT1, NKT2, and NKT17) expressing a distinct transcription factor profile, which regulates cytokine secretion upon activation. iNKT cell development in the thymus is modulated by signaling lymphocytic activation molecule family (SLAMF) receptors. In contrast to other SLAMF members, Ly9 (SLAMF3) is a non-redundant negative regulator of iNKT cell development. Here, we show that Ly9 influences iNKT cell lineage differentiation. Ly9-deficient mice on a BALB/c background contained a significantly expanded population of thymic NKT2 cells, while NKT1 cells were nearly absent in BALB/c.Ly9-/- thymus. Conversely, the number of peripheral NKT1 cells in BALB/c.Ly9-/- mice was comparable to that in wild-type mice, indicating that the homeostasis of the different iNKT cell subsets may have distinct requirements depending on their tissue localization. Importantly, Ly9 absence also promoted NKT2 cell differentiation in the NKT1-skewed C57BL/6 background. Furthermore, treatment of wild-type mice with an agonistic monoclonal antibody directed against Ly9 impaired IL-4 and IFN-? production and reduced by half the number of spleen iNKT cells, with a significant decrease in the proportion of NKT2 cells. Thus, anti-Ly9 targeting could represent a novel therapeutic approach to modulate iNKT cell numbers and activation.
Project description:Marginal zone (MZ) and B1 B cells have the capacity to respond to foreign Ags more rapidly than conventional B cells, providing early immune responses to blood-borne pathogens. Ly9 (CD229, SLAMF3), a member of the signaling lymphocytic activation molecule family receptors, has been implicated in the development and function of innate T lymphocytes. In this article, we provide evidence that in Ly9-deficient mice splenic transitional 1, MZ, and B1a B cells are markedly expanded, whereas development of B lymphocytes in bone marrow is unaltered. Consistent with an increased number of these B cell subsets, we detected elevated levels of IgG3 natural Abs and a striking increase of T-independent type II Abs after immunization with 2,4,6-trinitrophenyl-Ficoll in the serum of Ly9-deficient mice. The notion that Ly9 could be a negative regulator of innate-like B cell responses was supported by the observation that administering an mAb directed against Ly9 to wild-type mice selectively eliminated splenic MZ B cells and significantly reduced the numbers of B1 and transitional 1 B cells. In addition, Ly9 mAb dramatically diminished in vivo humoral responses and caused a selective downregulation of the CD19/CD21/CD81 complex on B cells and concomitantly an impaired B cell survival and activation in an Fc-independent manner. We conclude that altered signaling caused by the absence of Ly9 or induced by anti-Ly9 may negatively regulate development and function of innate-like B cells by modulating B cell activation thresholds. The results suggest that Ly9 could serve as a novel target for the treatment of B cell-related diseases.
Project description:Signaling lymphocytic activation molecule family receptors and the specific adapter signaling lymphocytic activation molecule-associated protein modulate the development of innate-like lymphocytes. In this study, we show that the thymus of Ly9-deficient mice contains an expanded population of CD8 single-positive cells with the characteristic phenotype of innate memory-like CD8(+) T cells. Moreover, the proportion of these innate CD8(+) T cells increased dramatically postinfection with mouse CMV. Gene expression profiling of Ly9-deficient mice thymi showed a significant upregulation of IL-4 and promyelocytic leukemia zinc finger. Analyses of Ly9(-/-)IL4ra(-/-) double-deficient mice revealed that IL-4 was needed to generate the thymic innate CD8(+) T cell subset. Furthermore, increased numbers of invariant NKT cells were detected in Ly9-deficient thymi. In wild-type mice, IL-4 levels induced by ?-galactosylceramide injection could be inhibited by a mAb against Ly9. Thus, Ly9 plays a unique role as an inhibitory cell surface receptor regulating the size of the thymic innate CD8(+) T cell pool and the development of invariant NKT cells.
Project description:The rapid development of high-throughput sequencing technologies has led to a dramatic decrease in the money and time required for de novo genome sequencing or genome resequencing projects, with new genome sequences constantly released every week. Among such projects, the plethora of updated genome assemblies induces the requirement of version-dependent annotation files and other compatible public dataset for downstream analysis. To handle these tasks in an efficient manner, we developed the reference-based genome assembly and annotation tool (RGAAT), a flexible toolkit for resequencing-based consensus building and annotation update. RGAAT can detect sequence variants with comparable precision, specificity, and sensitivity to GATK and with higher precision and specificity than Freebayes and SAMtools on four DNA-seq datasets tested in this study. RGAAT can also identify sequence variants based on cross-cultivar or cross-version genomic alignments. Unlike GATK and SAMtools/BCFtools, RGAAT builds the consensus sequence by taking into account the true allele frequency. Finally, RGAAT generates a coordinate conversion file between the reference and query genomes using sequence variants and supports annotation file transfer. Compared to the rapid annotation transfer tool (RATT), RGAAT displays better performance characteristics for annotation transfer between different genome assemblies, strains, and species. In addition, RGAAT can be used for genome modification, genome comparison, and coordinate conversion. RGAAT is available at https://sourceforge.net/projects/rgaat/ and https://github.com/wushyer/RGAAT_v2 at no cost.
Project description:Sjögren's Syndrome (SjS) is a common chronic autoimmune disease characterized by the B cell hyperactivation, lymphocyte infiltration, and tissue damage of exocrine glands. It can also present life-threatening extraglandular manifestations, such as pulmonary and hepatic involvement, renal inflammation and marginal zone (MZ) B cell lymphoma. Several biologic agents have been tested in SjS but none has shown significant efficacy. Here, we report the effects of Ly9 (CD229) antibody targeting, a cell surface molecule that belongs to the SLAM family of immunomodulatory receptors, using NOD.H-2<sup>h4</sup> mice as a model of SjS-like disease. Female mice were treated with anti-Ly9 antibody or isotype control at week 24, when all mice present SjS related autoantibodies, salivary gland infiltrates, and marginal zone (MZ) B cell pool enlargement. Antibody injection depleted key lymphocyte subsets involved in SjS pathology such as MZ, B1, and germinal center B cells in spleen and draining lymph nodes without inducing a general immunosuppression. Importantly, mice receiving anti-Ly9 mAb showed a reduced lymphocyte infiltrate within salivary glands. This reduction may be, in part, explained by the down-regulation of L-selectin and alfa4/beta7 integrin induced by the anti-Ly9 antibody. Furthermore, levels of anti-nuclear autoantibodies were reduced after anti-Ly9 treatment. These data indicate that Ly9 is a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of SjS.