Genomics

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Aggressive PDACs show hypomethylation of repetitive elements and the execution of an intrinsic IFN program linked to a ductal cell-of-origin


ABSTRACT: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a highly aggressive cancer embedded in an e , we FACS-purified epithelial cells from PDAC and healthy human pancreas and performed genome-wide transcriptome and DNA methylome analyses. Clustering based on DNA methylation revealed two distinct groups of PDAC with different methylation levels at genomic regions encoding repeat elements. Methylationlow tumors showed higher expression of endogenous retroviral (ERV) transcripts and a strong engagement of the dsRNA sensing machinery. This results in the cell intrinsic activation of an interferon response signature (IFNsign), leading to the reprogramming of stromal cells towards a pro-tumorigenic microenvironment and poor patient outcome. Methylationlow/IFNsignhigh and Methylationhigh/IFNsignlow PDAC cells harboured distinct lineage traits specific for normal ductal or acinar pancreatic epithelial cells at the methylation and transcriptional level. Moreover, ductal-cell-derived KrasG12D/Trp53-/- mutant mouse PDACs showed higher expression of IFNsign compared to tumors initiated by the same drivers in acinar cells. Collectively, our data point to two distinct origins and etiology of human PDACs, with the aggressive Methylationlow/IFNsignhigh tumor subtype potentially targetable by agents blocking cell intrinsic IFN-signaling. (H015)

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

PROVIDER: EGAS00001004660 | EGA |

REPOSITORIES: EGA

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