Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

37

Dioxin lethality: aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR)-mediated gene expression in a rat resistant model


ABSTRACT: Major toxicities of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) result from dysregulation of gene expression mediated by the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR). Dioxin-like chemicals alter expression of numerous genes in liver but the specific genes whose dysregulation leads to toxicities such as wasting, hepatotoxicity and lethality have not been identified. We searched for genes that are most likely to be key to dioxin toxicity by using gene expression arrays to contrast hepatic gene expression after TCDD treatment in dioxin-sensitive rats (that carry wildtype AHR) with gene expression in H/W(Kuopio) rats which are highly resistant to dioxin toxicity due to a major deletion in the AHR's transactivation domain (TAD). The total number of TCDD-responsive genes was smaller in rats with the AHRH/W genotype than in rats with wildtype AHR. However, genes in the classic AH gene battery such as CYP1A1, CYP1A2 and CYP1B1 remained fully responsive to TCDD in AHRH/W rats; thus the TAD deletion selectively interferes with expression of a subset of hepatic genes rather than abolishing global AHR-mediated responses. Genes in the following functional categories differ in response to TCDD between dioxin-sensitive rats and dioxin-resistant rats: fatty acid oxidation, metabolism (xenobiotic, alcohol, amino acid, and fatty acid), phosphate transport, regulation of steroid biosynthesis, nitrogen compound catabolism, and generation of precursor metabolites and energy. Many of these differentially-responsive genes are integral parts of pathways such as: protein degradation and synthesis, fatty acid metabolism and synthesis, cytokinesis, cell growth, and apoptosis which may be part of mechanisms which lead to TCDD-induced wasting, hepatotoxicity, tumors, and death. These differentially-responsive genes are worthy candidates for further mechanistic studies to test their role in mediating or protecting from major dioxin toxicities. Keywords: Treatment-Control, Inter-Strain, Time-Course Overall design: Four strains of rats were either treated with 100 ug/kg TCDD or cornoil vehicle and profiled at 19 hours, each with four replicates. Two strains were also analyzed at 3 hours, each with four replicates.

INSTRUMENT(S): [RAE230A] Affymetrix Rat Expression 230A Array

ORGANISM(S): Rattus norvegicus  

SUBMITTER: Paul C Boutros  

PROVIDER: GSE10083 | GEO | 2009-11-24

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): PRJNA108649

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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