Dataset Information


Micro-RNAs in Adult Rat Liver are Refractory to Dioxin Treatment

ABSTRACT: Dioxin-like chemicals are well-known for their ability to upregulate expression of numerous genes via the AH receptor (AHR). However, recent transcriptomic analyses in several laboratories indicate that dioxin-like chemicals or AHR genotype itself also can downregulate levels of mRNAs encoded by numerous genes. The mechanism responsible for such downregulation is unknown. We hypothesized that microRNAs (miRNAs), which have emerged as powerful negative regulators of mRNA levels in several systems, might be responsible for mRNA downregulation in dioxin/AHR pathways. We used the Exiqon miRNA array platform as well as quantitative RT-PCR to measure miRNA levels in dioxin-sensitive Long-Evans (Turku/AB; L-E) rats vs. dioxin-resistant Han/Wistar(Kuopio; H/W) rats. Treatment with 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) in vivo caused few changes in miRNA levels in rat livers and those changes that were statistically significant were of modest magnitude. AHR genotype had little effect on hepatic miRNA levels, either in constitutive expression or in response to TCDD – only a few miRNAs differed in expression between between L-E rats (that have wildtype AHR) compared to H/W rats (whose AHR has a large deletion in the transactivation domain). It is unlikely that mRNA downregulation by dioxins is mediated by miRNAs, nor are miRNAs likely to play a significant role in dioxin toxicity in adult rodent liver. We conducted a thorough investigation to address the following questions: (1) does AHR genotype itself affect constitutive expression of microRNAs? (2) does TCDD affect microRNA levels and, if so, is this response dependent on the AHR? (3) does TCDD affect microRNA levels differently in animals that are sensitive to dioxin toxicity versus those that are dioxin-resistant? We assessed the in vivo effect of TCDD on microRNA levels in liver at multiple time points after TCDD treatment using microRNA arrays along with quantitative RT-PCR. The cumulative results of our experiments indicate that downregulation of mRNA levels by dioxins in adult rodent livers is very unlikely to involve microRNAs. Manuscript Submitted: Moffat ID, Boutros PC, Celius T, Pohjanvirta R & Okey AB. Micro-RNAs in rodent liver are refractory to dioxin treatment. Toxicological Sciences May, 2007. Keywords: miRNA expression, Time course, response to xenobiotics, genetic modification, comparative genome hybridization Overall design: We examined strain differences in miRNA expression independent of TCDD: 19-h vehicle-treated dioxin-resistant H/W AHRH/W/H/W rats (HC19) vs. vehicle- control dioxin-sensitive L-E AHRWT/WT rats (LC19). In the dioxin-sensitive rats we compared miRNA expression levels 3 h (LT3) or 19 h (LT19) post-TCDD treatment vs. LC19. In the dioxin-resistant rats we compared miRNA levels 3 h (HT3), 19 h (HT19), or 96 h (HT96) post-TCDD treatment vs. HC19.

INSTRUMENT(S): Exiqon-Rat/Mouse/Human-540-v8.0

ORGANISM(S): Rattus norvegicus  

SUBMITTER: Ivy Moffat  

PROVIDER: GSE8470 | GEO | 2007-08-15



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