Dataset Information


Age-of-Onset Dependent Immune maturation in Pediatric Crohn Disease

ABSTRACT: Purpose: To clarify the biological processes underlying variation in disease location and antimicrobial sero-reactivity across age-of onset in pediatric Crohn disease. Methods: We characterize the ileal global pattern of gene expression using single-end, 50bp RNA-sequencing using the Illumina HiSeq2000 in 304 treatment-naïve pediatric Crohn patients and non-IBD controls. Reads were quantified using Kallisto with Gencodev23 annotations. For all analyses, data were stratified by patient age-of-onset. Results: Performing differential analysis of all reasonably-expressed transcripts (TPM>5 in ≥5 samples, with significance defined as FDR-corrected p-value<0.05 and fold change≥1.5), we identify a robust gene signature with higher expresison of an immune gene set in older patients (≥10 years at diagnosis) compared to younger patients (<10 years at diagnosis), and a decrease in expression of antimicrobial Paneth cell-derived α-defensins. Conclusion: We provide evidence for maturation of mucosal Th1 immune response and loss of epithelial antimicrobial α-defensins with increasing age-of-onset.

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens

PROVIDER: GSE101794 | GEO | 2018/08/01


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