Expression of genes in hepatic progenitor-like cells derived from human iPS cells, and cultured progenitor cells
ABSTRACT: To analyze stem/progenitor cell function, we purified hepatic progenitor-like cells in human iPS cell culture stimulated with cytokines. Overall design: Gene expression in primary CD13+CD133+ cells derived from human iPS cell culture. In addition, cultured progenitor cells were also analyzed.
INSTRUMENT(S): Agilent-026652 Whole Human Genome Microarray 4x44K v2 (Probe Name version)
Project description:To analyze stem/progenitor cell function, we purified hepatic progenitor-like cells in human iPS cell culture stimulated with cytokines. Gene expression in CD13+CD133+ cells derived from human iPS cell culture
Project description:Investigation of whole genome gene expression level changes in neural progenitor cells derived from iPS cells generated from umbilical cord mesenchymal cells, compared to neural progenitor cells derived from iPS cells generated fromskin fibroblasts. Analyze the difference between neural progenitor cells derived from iPS cells generated from different origins. The method to induce reprogramming of somatic cells and human iPS cells for neural differentiation is described in Cai J, Li W, Su H, Qin D, Yang J, et al. (2010) Generation of human induced pluripotent stem cells from umbilical cord matrix and amniotic membrane mesenchymal cells. J Biol Chem 285: 11227-11234. and Kim DS, Lee JS, Leem JW, Huh YJ, Kim JY, et al. (2010) Robust enhancement of neural differentiation from human ES and iPS cells regardless of their innate difference in differentiation propensity. Stem Cell Rev 6: 270-281. A two-chip study using total RNA recovered from one neural progenitor cell line derived from iPS cells generated from skin fibroblasts (GZF1C7NSCP3) and one neural progenitor cell line derived from iPS cells generated from umbilical cord mesenchymal cells (VMC2C7NSCP3). No replicates were made. Each chip measures the expression level of 45,033 genes from the two samples with fourteen 60-mer probe pairs (PM/MM) per gene, with three-fold technical redundancy.
Project description:Hepatocyte-like cells differentiated from human iPS cells are expected to be utilized in pharmaceutical research and regenerative medicine. Recently, various culture methods for human iPS cell maintenance have been developed. However, it is not well known whether human iPS cell maintenance method affects hepatic differentiation potency. In this study, we cultured human iPS cells using four maintenance methods: ReproStem medium with feeder cells (mouse embryonic fibroblasts), AK02N medium with iMatrix-511 (E8 fragments of laminin511), Essential 8 medium with Vitronectin N (N-terminal domain of vitronectin), TeSR-E8 medium with Vitronectin XF (xeno-free vitronectin). Then, these human iPS cells were differentiated into the hepatocyte-like cells. Interestingly, the gene expression levels of definitive endoderm markers in the definitive endoderm cells generated from human iPS cells cultured with ReproStem or TeSR-E8 medium were higher than those in other groups. The gene expression level of foregut marker, HHEX, in the definitive endoderm cells generated from human iPS cells cultured with ReproStem medium was higher than that in other groups. Consistently, the expression levels of hepatocyte markers, albumin and urea secretion capacity, and CYP3A4 activity in the hepatocyte-like cells generated from human iPS cells cultured with ReproStem medium were higher than those in other groups. Our data indicated that the most suitable human iPS cell maintenance method for efficient hepatic differentiation was the on-feeder method which uses mouse embryonic fibroblasts, but not feeder-free methods. In conclusion, human iPS cell maintenance method largely affects hepatic differentiation potency. Overall design: The human iPS cell line, YOW-iPS was maintained by one of four different culture methods (Repro, AK02N, E8, and TeSR-E8 method). Repro, AK02N, E8, and TeSR-E8 were pooled from triplicate samples of one independent experiments, and then microarray analysis was performed.
Project description:The mechanisms underlying the specification of oligodendrocyte fate from multipotent neural progenitor cells (NPCs) in developing human brain are unknown. In this study, we sought to identify antigens sufficient to distinguish NPCs free from oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs). We investigated the potential overlap of NPC and OPC antigens using multicolor fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) for CD133/PROM1, A2B5, and CD140a/PDGFaR antigens. Surprisingly, we found that CD133, but not A2B5, was capable of enriching for OLIG2 expression, Sox10 enhancer activity, and oligodendrocyte potential. As a subpopulation of CD133- positive cells expressed CD140a, we asked whether CD133 enriched bone fide NPCs regardless of CD140a expression. We found that CD133+CD140a- cells were highly enriched for neurosphere initiating cells and were multipotent. Importantly, when analyzed immediately following isolation, CD133+CD140a- NPCs lacked the capacity to generate oligodendrocytes. In contrast, CD133+CD140a+ cells were OLIG2-expressing OPCs capable of oligodendrocyte differentiation, but formed neurospheres with lower efficiency and were largely restricted to glial fate. Gene expression analysis further confirmed the stem cell nature of CD133+CD140a- cells. As human CD133+ cells comprised both NPCs and OPCs, CD133 expression alone cannot be considered a specific marker of the stem cell phenotype, but rather comprises a heterogeneous mix of glial restricted as well as multipotent neural precursors. In contrast, CD133/CD140a-based FACS permits the separation of defined progenitor populations and the study of neural stem and oligodendrocyte fate specification in the human brain. 12 samples, 4 groups (FACS-sorted cell populations),3 replicates in each group, each replicate is from a separate patient sample
Project description:Overarching aim is to achieve a greater understanding of the control of progenitor cells within the adult human retina within the normal and diseased retinal microenvironment. Specifically we will assess via our experimental designs: (i) the control of CD133+ retinal cell populations that display mitotic potential and differentiation and Keywords: comparative genomic hybridization using adult human CD133+ & CD133- retinal cells Adult human retina was processed to produce a cell suspension, CD133+ cells were magnetically isolated to produce cell populations of CD133+ and CD133- cells. 3 retinal samples were analysed for each cell population.
Project description:Overarching aim is to achieve a greater understanding of the control of progenitor cells within the adult human retina within the normal and diseased retinal microenvironment. Specifically we will assess via our experimental designs: (i) the control of CD133+ retinal cell populations that display mitotic potential and differentiation and Keywords: comparative genomic hybridization using adult human CD133+ & CD133- retinal cells Overall design: Adult human retina was processed to produce a cell suspension, CD133+ cells were magnetically isolated to produce cell populations of CD133+ and CD133- cells. 3 retinal samples were analysed for each cell population.
Project description:Previously, we identified tripotent colony-forming progenitor cells in the adult murine pancreas that were capable of self-renewal and differentiation into duct, acinar and endocrine cells in vitro. However, the incidence of these progenitor cells was low (~1% among pancreatic cells in adult 2-4 month-old mice). The goal of the current study was to find cell-surface markers that can distinguish and enrich pancreatic colony-forming progenitor cells. It was found that pancreatic cells could be divided into CD133+CD71- , CD133highCD71low and CD133lowCD71low and CD133-CD71- cells. CD133highCD71low cells, but not other cell populations, were the most enriched for colony-forming progenitors. Interestingly, both CD133+CD71- and CD133highCD71low cells expressed ductal markers as shown by gene expression RT-PCR analysis. To further characterize CD133+CD71- (designated as R1 cells) and CD133highCD71low (designated as R2 cells) ductal cell populations, genome-wide gene expression analysis using RNA-seq was performed. The genes that were differentially expressed by R1 and R2 cells are deposited here. Subsequent pathway analysis of the RNA-seq data revealed that R2 and R1 cells have propensity for cell migration and immune response, respectively. These gene expression analyses suggested ductal cells of the adult pancreas are heterogeneous in nature. Two populations of cells are sorted from the pancreas of adult 2-4 month old C57Bl/6 mice and their RNA profiles are determined. These cell populations are CD133(high)CD71(low) cells (3 samples) and CD133(positive)CD71(negative) (2 samples).
Project description:The generation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) often results in aberrant silencing of the imprinted Dlk1-Dio3 gene cluster, which compromises their ability to generate entirely iPSC-derived mice (“all-iPSC mice”). Here, we show that reprogramming in the presence of ascorbic acid attenuates hypermethylation of Dlk1-Dio3 by enabling a chromatin configuration at its imprint control region that interferes with abnormal binding of the DNA methyltransferase Dnmt3a. This approach allowed us to generate adult all-iPSC mice from mature B cells, which have thus far failed to support the development of exclusively iPSC-derived postnatal mice. Our data demonstrate that factor-mediated reprogramming can endow a defined, terminally differentiated cell type with a developmental potential equivalent to that of embryonic stem cells. More generally, these findings indicate that the choice of culture conditions used for transcription factor-mediated reprogramming can strongly influence the epigenetic and biological properties of resultant iPSCs. This series consists of quadruplicated mRNA expression microarray data (Affymetrix mouse 430_2 3'-IVT array) for iPS cells derived from MEF cells under cell culture conditions with or without ascorbic acid supplementation. iPS cells were generated from MEFs of the Col-OKSM reprogrammable mice. In the presence of doxycycline, the reprogramming transcription factors Oct4, Sox2, Klf4, and cMyc were induced in MEFs to derivate iPS cells. Total RNA was isolated from iPS cells derivated in the presence or absence of ascorbic acid in culture medium.
Project description:Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) represents the major subtype of liver cancer, characterized with a high rate of recurrence and heterogeneity. Liver cancer stem cells (CSCs) may account for a hierarchical organization of heterogeneous cancer cells. However, how liver CSCs sustain their self-renewal remains largely unknown. We used microarrays to discover the long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) expression underlying cell stem cell (CSC) and non cell stem cell (non-CSC) and identified distinct lncRNAs during this process. We sorted CD13+CD133+ and CD13-CD133- cells from Hep3B, Huh7, and PLC/PRF/5 HCC cell lines as liver CSCs and non-CSCs, then hybridized on Affymetrix microarrays. We sought to identify distinct lncRNAs in liver CSCs.