Transcriptomics,Genomics

Dataset Information

39

Identification of transcriptional changes due to loss of Hdac3 in liver at P17 and P28


ABSTRACT: Histone deacetylase 3 (Hdac3) is the enzymatic component of transcriptional repression complexes recruited by the nuclear hormone receptors. Inactivation of Hdac3 in cancer cell lines triggered apoptosis, and removal of Hdac3 in the germ-line of mice caused embryonic lethality. Therefore, we conditionally deleted the Hdac3 allele in the mouse liver. These mice developed hepatomegaly, which was the result of hepatocyte hypertrophy, and these morphological changes coincided with significant imbalances between carbohydrate and lipid metabolism. Loss of Hdac3 triggered changes in gene expression consistent with inactivation of repression mediated by nuclear hormone receptors. Mechanistically, loss of Hdac3 increased the levels of Ppar?2, and treatment of these mice with a Ppar? antagonist partially reversed the lipid accumulation in the liver. In addition, gene expression analysis identified mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin) signaling as being activated by deletion of Hdac3, and inhibition by rapamycin also affected the accumulation of neutral lipids in the Hdac3-null livers. Thus, Hdac3 has a key role in regulation of multiple signaling pathways in the liver, and deletion of Hdac3 disrupts normal metabolic homeostasis. Keywords: Genetic knockout of Hdac3 specifically in liver, and RNA analyzed from postnatal day 17 or 28 livers for transcriptional changes related to the given phenotypes Overall design: Postnatal day 17 or 28 mice were used for the microarray analysis. Total RNA was extracted from livers of either Hdac3 wild-type/heterozygous mice expressing Albumin-Cre or Hdac3-null livers, and pooled together in groups of 5. One pool of control or Hdac3-null liver RNA from both time points was used in technical replicates, meaning each sample was run in duplicate on separate lots of microarray chips to determine reproducibility of the Applied Biosystems ABI1700 chips. The second set of RNA pools were used as biological replicates for each group at each time point.

INSTRUMENT(S): ABI Mouse Genome Survey Microarray

SUBMITTER: Sarah K Knutson 

PROVIDER: GSE10503 | GEO | 2008-05-22

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): PRJNA107957

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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Publications

Liver-specific deletion of histone deacetylase 3 disrupts metabolic transcriptional networks.

Knutson Sarah K SK   Chyla Brenda J BJ   Amann Joseph M JM   Bhaskara Srividya S   Huppert Stacey S SS   Hiebert Scott W SW  

The EMBO journal 20080320 7


Histone deacetylase 3 (Hdac3) is an enzymatic component of transcriptional repression complexes recruited by the nuclear hormone receptors. Inactivation of Hdac3 in cancer cell lines triggered apoptosis, and removal of Hdac3 in the germ line of mice caused embryonic lethality. Therefore, we deleted Hdac3 in the postnatal mouse liver. These mice developed hepatomegaly, which was the result of hepatocyte hypertrophy, and these morphological changes coincided with significant imbalances between car  ...[more]

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