Transcriptomics,Genomics

Dataset Information

29

Morphological and transcriptomic analyses reveal three discrete primary stages of postembryonic development in the common fire salamander, Salamandra salamandra


ABSTRACT: The postembryonic development of amphibians has been characterized as divided into three predominant periods, hereafter named primary developmental stages: premetamorphosis (PreM), prometamorphosis (ProM), metamorphic climax (Meta), and completion of metamorphosis (PostM), largely based on examination of anuran development. Here, we categorized the postembryonic development of larvae of a poisonous fire salamander (Salamandra salamandra) by integrating morphology and gene expression (transcriptomic) data. Morphological analysis revealed three distinct clusters suggestive of PreM, ProM, and Meta, which were confirmed in parallel by microarray-derived gene expression analysis. In total, 3,510 probes targeted transcripts differentially expressed between the clusters we identified. Genes upregulated in PreM related to organogenesis, and those upregulated in Meta underlie structural proteins and relate to development of anatomical structures and pigmentation. Biosynthesis pathways of pigments (pteridines and melanin) were upregulated during late ProM and Meta. Gas chromatographic analysis of alkaloids indicated the onset of steroidal alkaloid biosynthesis at ProM. When comparing gene expression in the fire salamander to that in other amphibians—three anurans, Xenopus laevis, X. tropicalis, and Michrohyla fissipes, and one caudate, Ambystoma mexicanum—, we identified genes with conserved expression patterns involved in basic metamorphic processes such as skin restructuring and tail fin resorption. Our results support that primary stages of postembryonic development in caudates are homologous to those of anurans, and offer a baseline for the study of the evolution of developmental modes. Overall design: We collected tail-clip tissue of Salamandra salamandra larvae reared under standard conditions at different developmental stages. Total RNA was extracted from this tissue, and its expression was analyzed with an Agilent microarray.

INSTRUMENT(S): Agilent-069636 Salamandra salamandra Microarray (GeneName version)

SUBMITTER: Eugenia Sanchez  

PROVIDER: GSE110893 | GEO | 2018-02-21

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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Publications

Morphological and transcriptomic analyses reveal three discrete primary stages of postembryonic development in the common fire salamander, Salamandra salamandra.

Sanchez Eugenia E   Küpfer Eliane E   Goedbloed Daniel J DJ   Nolte Arne W AW   Lüddecke Tim T   Schulz Stefan S   Vences Miguel M   Steinfartz Sebastian S  

Journal of experimental zoology. Part B, Molecular and developmental evolution 20180305 2


The postembryonic development of amphibians has been characterized as divided into three predominant periods, hereafter named primary developmental stages: premetamorphosis (PreM), prometamorphosis (ProM), metamorphic climax (Meta), and completion of metamorphosis (PostM), largely based on examination of anuran development. Here, we categorized the postembryonic development of larvae of a poisonous fire salamander (Salamandra salamandra) by integrating morphology and gene expression (transcripto  ...[more]

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