Genomics

Dataset Information

29

Effect of Prematurity on Genome Wide Methylation in the Placenta


ABSTRACT: Preterm birth is a significant clinical problem and an enormous burden on society, affecting one in eight pregnant women and their newborns. Despite decades of research, its pathogenesis remains unclear. Many studies have shown that preterm birth is associated with health risks across the later life course. The “fetal origins” hypothesis postulates that adverse intrauterine exposures are associated with later disease susceptibility. Our recent studies have focused on the placental epigenome at term. We extended these studies to genome-wide placental DNA methylation across a wide range of gestational ages. We applied methylation dependent immunoprecipitation/DNA sequencing (MeDIP-seq) to 9 placentas with gestational age from 25 weeks to term to identify differentially methylated regions (DMRs). Enrichment analysis revealed 427 DMRs with nominally significant differences in methylation between preterm and term placentas (p<0.01) and 21 statistically significant DMRs after multiple comparison correction (FDR p<0.05), of which 62% were hypo-methylated in preterm placentas vs term placentas. The majority of DMRs were in distal intergenic regions and introns. Significantly enriched pathways identified by Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA) included Citrulline-Nitric Oxide Cycle and Fcy Receptor Mediated Phagocytosis in macrophages. The DMR gene set overlapped placental gene expression data, genes and pathways associated evolutionarily with preterm birth. These studies form the basis for future studies on the epigenetics of preterm birth, "fetal programming” and the impact of environment exposures on this important clinical challenge. Overall design: Methylation dependent immunoprecipitation/DNA sequencing (MeDIP-seq) on 9 placentas with gestational age from 25 weeks to term using Illumina HiSeq2500

INSTRUMENT(S): Illumina HiSeq 2500 (Homo sapiens)

SUBMITTER: Jessica Schuster  

PROVIDER: GSE120458 | GEO | 2018-09-26

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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