Dataset Information


Caloric restriction modified anxiety- and depressive-like behavior and gene expression change in the mouse amygdala

ABSTRACT: Moderate caloric restriction (CR) and weight loss are beneficial for the promotion of health; however, there is controversy regarding the effects of dieting regimens on behavior. In this study, we investigated two different dieting regimens: repeated fasting and refeeding (RFR) and daily feeding of half the amount of food consumed by RFR mice (CR). Mice in both regimens were subjected to 20% reduction in food intake and transiently reduced their body weights during the first 12 days of the study. Open field, light-dark transition, elevated plus maze, and forced swimming tests indicated that CR, but not RFR, reduced anxiety- and depressive-like behaviors, with a peak on day 8. Using a mouse whole genome microarray, we analyzed gene expression in the prefrontal cortex, amygdala, and hypothalamus. In addition to the caloric restriction-responsive genes commonly modified by RFR and CR, each regimen differentially changed the expression of distinct genes in each region. The most profound change was observed in the amygdala of CR mice: 884 genes were specifically up-regulated. Ingenuity pathway analysis showed that these 884 genes significantly modified 9 canonical pathways in the amygdala. alpha-adrenergic and dopamine receptor signaling were the two top-scoring pathways. Quantitative real-time RT-PCR confirmed the up-regulation of 6 genes in these pathways. Ppp1r1b encoded Darpp-32 including dopamine receptor signaling, and the increased protein was specific for CR mice. Our results suggest that moderate CR may modify anxiety- and depressive-like behaviors and alter gene expression especially in the mouse amygdala. Overall design: We tested three feeding regimens. One group of mice had ad libitum (AD) access to food, and was used as a control group. The repeated fasting and refeeding (RFR) group of mice were fasted on day 0 and allowed to feed ad libitum on day 1. Amounts of food consumed by the three mice on day 1 were measured. The half amount of food consumed by the RFR mice was given to three mice in another cage for two days (days 0 and 1) (CR group). The fasting followed by refeeding (RFR) and the restriction of food (CR) were repeated up to day 16. Body weights and consumed chow were measured at 20:00 every day, and then the fasting or feeding period was started. In RFR mice, fasting was started on day 0.Total RNA was prepared from the prefrontal cortex, hypothalamus, and amygdala in the mice of each group on day 8. An equal amount of RNA from 4 mice in each group was pooled and used for microarray analysis.

INSTRUMENT(S): Agilent-014868 Whole Mouse Genome Microarray 4x44K G4122F (Feature Number version)

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Yuta Yamamoto  

PROVIDER: GSE15860 | GEO | 2009-09-15



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