Dataset Information


The lncRNA HERVH negatively regulates chromatin targeting and remodeling mediated by CHD7 [ATAC-seq]

ABSTRACT: Chromodomain helicase DNA-binding protein 7 (Chd7) encodes an ATP-dependent chromatin remodeler required for normal human development. De novo mutations in CHD7 are the major cause of CHARGE syndrome which features multiple developmental defects. Previous studies have shown that CHD7 targets to specific genomic loci and alters local transcription potentially by remodeling the chromatin structure in a cell stage and lineage specific manner. We examined whether nuclear RNAs might contribute to its targeting and function. We used PAR-CLIP to identify a lncRNA, HERVH, that is uniquely expressed in pluripotent stem cells and preferentially interacts with CHD7. Knockdown of HERVH using LNAs or knockout of an individual copy of HERVH by CRISPR-Cas9 both resulted in increased binding of CHD7 and increased levels of H3K27ac at a subset of enhancers. Depletion of HERVH led to the activation of multiple genes, several of which might potentially poise cells towards differentiation. CHD7 bound HERVH RNA with high affinity but low specificity and that this interaction decreased the ability of CHD7 to bind and remodel nucleosomes. We present a model in which HERVH acts as a decoy to modulate the dynamics of CHD7 binding to enhancers in pluripotent cells and to prevent the activation of differentiation specific genes. Overall design: Examination of gene expression, CHD7 occpancy and histone modifications on chromatin in WT and HERVH depleted hESCs.

INSTRUMENT(S): Illumina HiSeq 2000 (Homo sapiens)

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  


PROVIDER: GSE171135 | GEO | 2021-10-10


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