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Development, Cryo-EM structure and function of potent monospecific and bispecific monoclonal antibodies that neutralize SARS-CoV-2 and variant B.1.351


ABSTRACT: The COVID-19 pandemic prompted an unprecedented effort to develop effective countermeasures against SARS-CoV-2. While efficacious vaccines and certain therapeutic monoclonal antibodies are available, here, we report the development, cryo-EM structures and functional analyses of distinct potent monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) that neutralize SARS-CoV-2 and its variant B.1.351. We established a platform for rapid identification of highly potent and specific SARS-CoV-2-neutralizing antibodies by high-throughput B cell receptor single cell sequencing of spike receptor binding domain immunized animals. We identified two highly potent and specific SARS-CoV-2 neutralizing mAb clones that have single-digit nanomolar affinity and low-picomolar avidity. We also generated a bispecific antibody of these two lead clones. The lead monospecific and bispecific antibodies showed strong neutralization ability against prototypical SARS-CoV-2 and the highly contagious South African variant B.1.351 that post a further risk of reducing the efficacy of currently available therapeutic antibodies and vaccines. The lead mAbs showed potent in vivo efficacy against authentic SARS-CoV-2 in both prophylactic and therapeutic settings. We solved five cryo-EM structures at ~3 resolution of these neutralizing antibodies in complex with the ectodomain of the prefusion spike trimer, and revealed the molecular epitopes, binding patterns and conformations between the antibodies and spike RBD, which are distinct from existing antibodies. Our recently developed antibodies expand the repertoire of the toolbox of COVID-19 countermeasures against the SARS-CoV-2 pathogen and its emerging variants. Overall design: 10x 5' single-cell VDJ sequencing of CD138+ B cells from mice (C57BL/6 and BALBc) immunized with SARS-CoV-2 RBD. From C57BL/6 mice: 1 sample from spleen+LN, 1 sample from bone marrow. From Balbc mice: 2 samples (pooled spleen+LN+bone marrow).

INSTRUMENT(S): Illumina NovaSeq 6000 (Mus musculus)

ORGANISM(S): Mus Musculus

SUBMITTER: Ryan D Chow  

PROVIDER: GSE174635 | GEO | 2022-01-11

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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COVID-19 pathogen SARS-CoV-2 has infected hundreds of millions and caused over 5 million deaths to date. Although multiple vaccines are available, breakthrough infections occur especially by emerging variants. Effective therapeutic options such as monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) are still critical. Here, we report the development, cryo-EM structures, and functional analyses of mAbs that potently neutralize SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern. By high-throughput single cell sequencing of B cells from spi  ...[more]

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