Genomics

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A disease-linked lncRNA mutation in RNase MRP inhibits ribosome synthesis [RMRP_SHAPE]


ABSTRACT: Mutations in the human RMRP gene cause Cartilage Hair Hypoplasia (CHH), an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by skeletal abnormalities and impaired T-cell activation. RMRP encodes a non-coding RNA, which forms the core of the RNase MRP ribonucleoprotein complex. In budding yeast, RMRP cleaves a specific site in the pre-ribosomal RNA (pre-rRNA) during ribosome synthesis. CRISPR-mediated disruption of RMRP in human cells lines caused growth arrest, with pre-rRNA accumulation. Here, we analyzed disease-relevant primary cells, showing that mutations in RMRP impair mouse T cell activation and delay pre-rRNA processing. Analysis of pre-rRNA processing in patient-derived human fibroblasts with CHH-linked mutations showed a similar pattern of processing delay. Human cells engineered with the most common CHH mutation (70AG in RMRP) show specifically impaired pre-rRNA processing, resulting in reduced mature rRNA and a reduced ratio of cytosolic to mitochondrial ribosomes. Moreover, the 70AG mutation caused a reduction in intact RNase MRP complexes. Together, these results indicate that CHH is a ribosomopathy, and the first human disorder of rRNA processing to be described. Overall design: Wildtype or RMRP 70A->G mutant cells were grown to log phase in RPMI. The SHAPE reagent 1M7 (or DMSO for untreated samples) was added to a final concentration of 10 mM and in-cell acylation reaction left to proceed for 15 minutes at 37 degrees. RNA was extracted and reverse transcribed using an RMRP-specific primer. Sites of RNA modification are represented as mutations or deletions in the sequencing, and were analysed with the ShapeMapper 2 tool.

INSTRUMENT(S): NextSeq 550 (Homo sapiens)

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Nic Robertson  

PROVIDER: GSE190787 | GEO | 2021-12-14

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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