Profiling neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y with Paraquat treatment
ABSTRACT: Human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells treated with paraquat, a neurotoxic herbicide which both catalyzes the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and induces mitochondrial damage in animal models was profiled using Affimetrix Exon 1.0 ST GeneChips® Overall design: Human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells was compared with respect to Human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells treated with Paraquat. Parqaut treatment was done as described by Maracchioni, A., Totaro, A., Angelini, D.F., Di Penta, A., Bernardi, G., Carri, M.T., and Achsel, T. (2007) J Neurochem 100, 142-153
INSTRUMENT(S): [HuEx-1_0-st] Affymetrix Human Exon 1.0 ST Array [transcript (gene) version]
Project description:Human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells treated with paraquat, a neurotoxic herbicide which both catalyzes the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and induces mitochondrial damage in animal models was profiled using Affimetrix Exon 1.0 ST GeneChips® Human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells was compared with respect to Human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells treated with Paraquat. Parqaut treatment was done as described by Maracchioni, A., Totaro, A., Angelini, D.F., Di Penta, A., Bernardi, G., Carri, M.T., and Achsel, T. (2007) J Neurochem 100, 142-153
Project description:MicroRNA (miRNA) has been highlighted in pathogen-host interactions, however, little is known about roles of miRNAs in neurological pathogenesis of human enterovirus 71 (HEV71) infections. In this study, the comprehensive miRNA expression profiling in HEV71-infected human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells were performed to identify cellular miRNAs response to HEV71. A total of 69 miRNAs were differentially expressed in HEV71-infected SH-SY5Y cells compared to non-infected cells. These findings provide new information on the miRNA and mRNA profiles in HEV71 infection, which may serve as a basis for further investigation into the biological functions of miRNAs in the neurological pathogenesis of HEV71 infections. Human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells were infected with HEV71. After infection, the cells were harvested and extracted total RNA for miRNA profiling by hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays. A total of 69 miRNAs were differentially expressed inHEV71-infected SH-SY5Y cells compared to non-infected cells.
Project description:Nerve growth factor (NGF) is a neurotrophin that plays an important role in regulating the survival, growth, and differentiation of sympathetic neurons. Many in vitro studies indicate that Egr transcription factors are coupled to NGF signaling and are essential signaling mediators of NGF-dependent differentiation of sympathetic neurons, such as neuroblastoma cells and pheochromocytoma cells. Mice that are deficient for both Egr1 and Egr3 have profound sympathetic nerve system defects, including abnormal neuron degeneration and impaired differentiation (unpublished observations). To further understand the role of Egr genes in sympathetic neuron development, it is necessary to examine the signal transduction pathways involved in NGF-mediated Egr-dependent gene regulation. The results will be helpful in understanding the pathobiology of those diseases related to aberrant sympathetic neuron differentiation, such as neuroblastoma and dysautonomias, and may provide new insights into therapies for these refractory diseases. To identify NGF-mediated Egr-dependent target genes in human SH-SY5Y/TrkA neuroblastoma cells: Many potential Egr target genes have been described over the years. However, very few have been characterized to be involved in NGF-mediated sympathetic neuron differentiation. In order to further understand the role of Egr genes in sympathetic neuron development, it is necessary to examine the signal transduction pathways involved in NGF-mediated Egr-dependent gene regulation. Egr1 and Egr3 are rapidly induced after NGF treatment and Egr1 is involved in activation of the differentiation marker gene NPY in SH-SY5Y/TrkA cells. Therefore, SH-SY5Y/TtrkA cells appear to be an excellent model system to study the role of Egr transcription factors in sympathetic neuron differentiation in vitro. A dominant negative Egr molecule that specifically blocks transcriptional activity mediated by Egr transcription factors will be used in this study to identify Egr-dependent target genes. Egr1 and Egr3 are rapidly induced after NGF treatment in human SH-SY5Y/TrkA neuroblastoma cells, which in turn differentiate into sympathetic-like neurons. We hypothesize that Egr transcription factors are involved in activating downstream signaling pathways during NGF mediated differentiation of SH-SY5Y/TrkA cells. Moreover, we hypothesize that by using a dominant negative Egr (dnEgr) molecule that blocks all Egr mediated gene transcription and Affymetrix microarray analysis, it will be possible to identify NGF-mediated Egr transcription dependent gene regulatory networks that may be involved in growth and differentiation of neuroblastoma. An unbiased approach to understanding these gene regulatory networks may lead to new insights relating to NGF signaling involved in neuronal growth and differentiation. Human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y/TrkA cells will be infected with either dnEgr-expressing adenovirus (SH-SY5Y/TrkA-dnEgr) or with EGFP-expressing control adenovirus (SH-SY5Y/TrkA-EGFP). Equivalent infection efficiency and lack of viral toxicity will be verified by EGFP fluorescence microscopy 24 hours after infection and the cells will be treated with NGF (100 ng/ml). Total RNA will be extracted from SH-SY5Y/TrkA (uninfected), SH-SY5Y/TrkA-dnEgr, and SH-SY5Y/TrkA-EGFP cells treated with NGF for 0, 1 hour and 3 hours. Total RNA will be prepared from all of the samples and a portion subjected to real-time PCR analysis to ensure that NGF mediated Egr gene induction was not altered by the context of viral infection. Pilot experiments demonstrate that Egr genes are still induced in the context of viral infection greater than 100-fold. Egr1 mRNA peak expression is known to occur at 1 hour and decrease by 3 hours after NGF treatment in all of the samples. The peak expression of Egr target genes is expected to occur later than Egr1 peak expression since Egr1 proteins need to be expressed first to initiate the transcription of target promoters. Therefore, the RNA samples from SH-SY5Y/TrkA-dnEgr and SH-SY5Y/TrkA-EGFP treated with NGF for 3 hours will be used to probe Affymetrix high-density human genome U133 Plus 2.0 Arrays to identify differentially expressed genes. RNA amplification for probe synthesis should not be necessary since we will provide 10 ug of intact total RNA for each sample. We will provide three sets of samples to perform the comparative microarray analysis twice from different starting materials and a nine-way comparative analysis of the data will be performed. We expect that cells containing high levels of dnEgr will inhibit NGF mediated Egr-dependent target gene expression and that these gene networks should be identifiable when compared to EGFP infected cells that have normal Egr gene transcriptional activity. Experiment Overall Design: as above
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series:; GSE16656: Transcriptome analysis identifies molecular effectors of unconjugated bilirubin in human neuroblatoma SH-SY5Y cells: 24h; GSE16766: Transcriptome analysis identifies molecular effectors of unconjugated bilirubin in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells: 1h; GSE16767: Transcriptome analysis identifies molecular effectors of unconjugated bilirubin in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells: 4h Experiment Overall Design: Refer to individual Series
Project description:Transcriptional profiling of human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells comparing DMSO-treated control cells with those treated with 50 microM clioquinol (CQ) for 24 h. Two-condition experiment, DMSO vs. CQ . Biological replicates: 1DMSO, 1 CQ. One replicate per array.
Project description:Neuroblastoma cells SH-SY5Y undergoes a morphology change upon retinoic acid (RA) treatment, the neurite outgrowth characteristic in undividing cells is accompanied by cell cycle arrest and neuronal markers expression, controlled by a precise dynamic molecular circuits. Depletion of CSB in SH-SY5Y cells leads to differentiation defects. This study examines the temporal gene expression profile during differentiation. Using Nimblegen microarray we characterized the gene expression profiles before and after RA treatment in both wild type and CSB-KD SH-SY5Y cells, and we identified the difference in gene expression between wild type and CSB-KD cells underlying the differentiation defects induced by CSB depletion. Overall design: The Nimblegen human 12 x 135K gene expression arrays were used to define gene expression profiles of wild type and CSB-KD SH-SY5Y cells before and after RA treatment during a nine-day culture period.
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE24497: ER stress impairs the insulin signaling pathway through mitochondrial damage in SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells (part 1) GSE24499: ER stress impairs the insulin signaling pathway through mitochondrial damage in SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells (part 2) Refer to individual Series
Project description:Cysteine nitrosylation is emerging as important player in cellular signaling and redox homeostasis. Here we applied Cys-BOOST for quantitative analysis of nitrosylated cysteine in SNAP-treated and non-treated SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells.
Project description:This experiment captures expression over 60,000 well-annotated RefSeq human transcripts over RNA samples from SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells transfected with human and non-human primate microRNA mimic variants of miR-299-3p, miR-503-3p, miR-508-3p and miR-541-3p, as well as a RNA duplex negative control (C2 mimic, Dharmacon).
Project description:To reveal the molecular mechanism underling necrotic neuronal cell death caused by norephedrine, we examined alteration of gene expression profile during norephedrine exposure in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells. The alteration of gene expression during norephedrine exposure (3 mM, 0,2 and 6 hours) in differentiated SH-SY5Y cells was examined.