Dataset Information


Differential gene expression profiling in the presence and absence of cohesin in Drosophila salivary glands (gene expression data)

ABSTRACT: Analysis of differential gene expression in third instar Drosophila salivary glands in the absence versus presence of cohesin. ABSTRACT: Developmental abnormalities observed in Cornelia de Lange Syndrome (CdLS) have been genetically linked to mutations in the cohesin machinery. These findings raise the possibility that cohesin, in addition to its canonical function of mediating sister chromatid cohesion, might also be involved in regulating gene expression. We report that cleavage of cohesinÕs kleisin subunit in post-mitotic Drosophila salivary glands induces major changes (both up and down) in the transcript levels of many genes. Kinetic analyses of changes in transcript levels upon cohesin cleavage reveal that a subset of genes responds to cohesin cleavage within a few hours. In addition, cohesin binds to most of these loci, suggesting that cohesin is directly regulating their expression. Amongst these genes are several that are regulated by the steroid hormone Ecdysone. Transcripts at EcR and Eip74EF, which encode an Ecdysone Receptor and an Ecdysone-regulated transcription factor, respectively, decline ten-fold within four hours of cohesin cleavage. Cytological visualization of transcription at selected Ecdysone-responsive genes reveals that puffing at Eip74EF ceases within an hour or two of cohesin cleavage, long before any decline in EcR associated with this locus. We conclude that cohesin regulates expression of a distinct set of genes, including those mediating the Ecdysone response. Overall design: A heat-inducible transgene (hs-TEV) was used to induce TEV in terminally differentiated third instar Drosophila salivary glands expressing either wild type (+ cohesin) or TEV-cleavable myc10-tagged Rad21 protein (Rad21TEV, - cohesin). Total RNA was isolated from + and - cohesin salivary glands 10-12 hours after heat shock induction of TEV (7 independent biological samples each). RNA samples were converted to cDNA, labeled with Cy3 and Cy5 respectively (3x) and vice versa (4x; dye swaps), and hybridized to INDAC FL003 arrays. Analysis of seven arrays, each hybridized to an independently generated sample-pair revealed major differences in transcript levels between + and - cohesin samples.


ORGANISM(S): Drosophila melanogaster  

SUBMITTER: Andrea Pauli  

PROVIDER: GSE21844 | GEO | 2010-12-22



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