Dataset Information


Identification of novel genes associated with molecular sex differentiation in the embryonic gonads of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

ABSTRACT: Abstract. The molecular pathways in embryonic vertebrates leading to gonad formation in each sex are incompletely understood. The purpose of this study was to identify novel genes that could be associated with sex-specific gonadal differentiation in a fish, the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). This study was facilitated by a custom microarray based on 7,681 genes derived from embryonic rainbow trout gonad cDNA libraries and public databases. Gonad samples for total RNA isolation were obtained from pvasa-green fluorescent protein (pvasa-GFP) transgenic rainbow between 300 and 700 degree days of development post-fertilization. The transgenic fish permitted the collection of gonads from embryonic rainbow trout during the period of molecular sex differentiation in advance of any morphologically distinguishable characteristics of sex. A bioinformatic method was used with the microarray data that looked for strong associations in gene expression patterns between known sex differentiation genes (the target genes) and novel genes (the target-associated genes) previously not allied with sex differentiation in fishes. The expression patterns of representative targets genes from both sexes and their target-associated genes were independently confirmed by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction to support the validity of the bioinformatics method employed. Numerous, novel genes were identified in the gonads of embryonic female and male rainbow trout that could be involved in sex-specific differentiation pathways in this fish. Overall design: Embryonic gonads were removed by dissection from known genetic female (XX) and male (XY) rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) from a transgenic population where expression of GFP is controlled by vasa-gene regulatory elements (Yoshizaki et al. 2000; Takeuchi et al. 2002). These fish were maintained in incubators containing flowing freshwater (10°C) at the Ooizumi Research Station, Yamanashi, Japan. Ten female or male transgenic rainbow trout were randomly selected every 5 days, beginning at 30 days (i.e., 300 degree days = incubation temperature in °C x number of days) post fertilization through until 70 days (i.e., 700 degree days) post fertilization. The gonads from each sex, at each sampling time, were pooled and immediately frozen for subsequent total RNA isolation.

INSTRUMENT(S): Rainbow trout 8k

ORGANISM(S): Oncorhynchus mykiss  

SUBMITTER: Tim Cavileer  

PROVIDER: GSE25042 | GEO | 2010-11-02



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