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18

Metabolic Transcription Factors Mediate Conserved Functions Largely via Species-Specific Binding Regions


ABSTRACT: The winged helix protein FOXA2 and the nuclear receptor PPARg are highly conserved, regionally-expressed transcription factors that regulate networks of genes controlling complex metabolic functions. Cistrome analysis for FOXA2 in mouse liver and PPARg in mouse adipocytes has previously produced consensus binding sites that are nearly identical to those used by the factors in human cells. Despite this conservation of the canonical binding motif, we report here that the great majority of specific binding regions for FOXA2 in human liver and for PPARg in human adipocytes are not in the orthologous locations to the mouse genome. Nevertheless, gene-centric analysis reveals strong shared transcription factor occupancy near genes in tissue-specific metabolic pathways that are functionally conserved across species. Genes with only species-specific binding sites fail to show enrichment for these pathways. Thus, the biological functions of transcription factors that control specific metabolic functions are highly shared across species. Overall design: Two TFs, FOXA2 and PPARg, were studied for genome-wide conservation of binding between mouse and human in specific tissues/cell-types (liver for FOXA2, adipocytes for PPARg). The number of replicates for each TF was chosen to obtain a comparable number of reads between the TFs and species. Human FOXA2 ChIP-seq was performed on two biological replicates of human liver samples, in three technical replicates each. Input DNA was also collected and sequenced from both biological samples. Mouse FOXA2 ChIP-seq was performed on four biological replicates of mouse liver samples. The ChIP and sequencing were repeated on two of these biological replicates to create technical replicates for additional sequence reads. Input DNA was sequenced from three additional mouse livers. Human PPARg ChIP-seq was performed on a human adipocyte cell-line (SGBS) differentiated in two replicate cultures. Input DNA was also collected and sequenced from one culture. Mouse PPARg ChIP-seq was performed on 3T3-L1 cells differentiated into adipocytes in culture in a single replicate, and this sequence data was pooled with existing data previously generated by the same lab, already available in GEO (GSE21314). A standard pool of input DNA sample sequence from multiple mouse tissue was used for analyzing the Mouse PPARg ChIP-seq data.

INSTRUMENT(S): Illumina Genome Analyzer (Homo sapiens)

SUBMITTER: Logan J Everett   

PROVIDER: GSE25836 | GEO | 2011-04-06

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): PRJNA135749

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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