Dataset Information


Integration of molecular biology tools to obtain information about abundantly expressed genes in flowers of Oncidium Gower Ramsey

ABSTRACT: Orchids are commercially important flowers, comprising one of the largest families of plants. Model plants such as Arabidopsis do not contain all plant genes. In this study, several molecular biology tools were integrated to isolate the flower-specific gene promoters of Oncidium Gower Ramsey (GR). A cDNA library of reproductive tissues was constructed and a microarray was established and used to compare gene expression in flowers and leaves. Five genes were highly expressed in flower tissues and the subcellular locations of the corresponding proteins were identified using fluorescent protein-fusion protein lip transient transformation, and related to their putative functions. BAC clones of the five genes, together with nine previously published flower and reproductive growth specific genes in Onc. GR, were identified and promoter regions were cloned by screening an Onc. GR BAC library. Interestingly, three of the five novel flower-abundant genes were putative trypsin inhibitor (TI) genes, OnTI1, OnTI2 and OnTI3, which were tandemly duplicated in the same BAC clone. Their promoters were identified using transient GUS reporter gene transformation and stable Arabidopsis transformation analyses. In conclusion, a combination of tools including a cDNA microarray, a BAC library, and a bombardment assay can be successfully employed to identify orchid genes and promoters. Overall design: A total of 960 cDNAs derived from the Onc. GR flower cDNA library were amplified using PCR incorporating the T3 and M13 reverse universal primers. The PCR products were purified using the QIAquick PCR Purification kit (Qiagen, Germantown, MD) and eluted into 100 µl of 0.1× Tris-EDTA buffer, pH 8.0. Purified PCR products were printed on GAPS II-coated slides (Corning, New York, NY) using the OmniGrid 100 microarray (Genomic Solutions, Ann Arbor, MI), and arranged into 1.8 × 1.8-cm arrays (spot size: 100 μm) twice. These DNAs were cross-linked to the slide by baking the array at 80°C for 2 h. After printing, the slides were left to dry overnight. The total RNA from leaves and flowers (25 μg) was used for cDNA synthesis with either Cy3 or Cy5 dye molecules, using the 3DNA Expression Array Detection kit for microarrays (Array 50, version 2, Genisphere, Hatfield, PA). cDNA hybridization and washing procedures were performed according to the manufacturer's instructions. All experiments were carried out in triplicate, with repeats of each dye combination (n = 3).

INSTRUMENT(S): CSL Onc flower cDNA array

ORGANISM(S): Oncidium hybrid cultivar  

SUBMITTER: Choun Sea Lin  




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