Dataset Information


Molecular classification of multiple myeloma

ABSTRACT: PURPOSE. The deregulation of CCND1, CCND2 and CCND3 genes represents a common event in multiple myeloma (MM). The recently proposed TC classification grouped MM patients into five classes on the basis of their cyclins D expression profiles and the presence of the main translocations involving the immunoglobulin heavy-chain locus (IGH) at 14q32. In this study, we provide a molecular characterization of the identified TC groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS. The gene expression profiles of purified plasma cells from 50 MM cases were used to stratify the samples into the five TC classes and identify their transcriptional fingerprints. The cyclin D expression data were validated by means of real-time quantitative PCR analysis; fluorescence in-situ hybridization was used to investigate the cyclin D loci arrangements, and to detect the main IGH translocations and the chromosome 13q deletion. RESULTS. Class-prediction analysis identified 112 probe sets as characterizing the TC1, TC2, TC4 and TC5 groups, whereas the TC3 samples showed heterogeneous phenotypes and no marker genes. The TC2 group, which showed extra copies of the CCND1 locus and no IGH translocations or the chromosome 13q deletion, was characterized by the overexpression of genes involved in protein biosynthesis at translational level. A meta-analysis of published datasets validated the identified gene expression signatures. CONCLUSIONS. Our data contribute to the understanding of the molecular and biological features of distinct MM subtypes. The identification of a distinctive gene expression pattern in TC2 patients may improve risk stratification and indicate novel therapeutic targets. Keywords: other Overall design: This series of microarray experiments contains the gene expression profiles of purified plasma cells (PCs) obtained from 50 newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM). PCs were purified from bone marrow specimens, after red blood cell lysis with 0.86% ammonium chloride, using CD138 immunomagnetic microbeads. The purity of the positively selected PCs was assessed by morphology and flow cytometry and was > 90% in all cases. 5 micrograms of total RNA was processed and hybridized to the Affymetrix HG-U133A chip following the manufacturer's instructions.

INSTRUMENT(S): [HG-U133A] Affymetrix Human Genome U133A Array

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Luca Agnelli  

PROVIDER: GSE2912 | GEO | 2005-09-01



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