Transcriptomics,Genomics

Dataset Information

109

Gene expression profiles of human prefrontal cortex brain tissues


ABSTRACT: Dissecting the shared etiology of different diseases could benefit from a systematic search for associated molecules and their interactions. We investigated genome-wide disruptions in the co-regulation of genes in two neurodegenerative diseases, Alzheimer's or Huntington's disease (AD or HD), using expression profiles from postmortem prefrontal cortex samples of 624 demented patients and non-demented control individuals with matched genotype and clinical data. A meta-analysis based screen for changes in coordinate expression patterns revealed differentially co-expressed (DC) gene pairs that either gained or lost correlation in disease cases relative to the control group, with the former being dominant for both AD and HD. Integration of disruptions common to AD and HD with large-scale data on protein-protein and protein-DNA interactions yielded a 242-gene sub-network that was enriched for proteins involved in neuronal differentiation and genetic associations to brain structural changes and dementia in subjects aged over 70 years. Replication of the AD DC network in independent human and mouse cohorts lends confidence to the comprehensive view we offer on dysregulated brain molecular pathways in AD and HD. Overall design: DLPFC (BA9) brain tissues of AD patients, HD patients and non-demented controls samples were obtained from Harvard Brain tissue resource center (HBTRC). The HBTRC samples were primarily of Caucasian ancestry, as only eight non-Caucasian outliers were identified, and therefore excluded for further analysis. Post-mortem interval (PMI) was 17.8+8.3 hours (mean ± standard deviation), sample pH was 6.4±0.3 and RNA integrity number (RIN) was 6.8±0.8 for the average sample in the overall cohort. Tissues were profiled on a custom-made Agilent 44K array (GPL4372). 624 individual DLPFC samples were profiled against a common DLPFC pool constructed from the same set of samples.

INSTRUMENT(S): Rosetta/Merck Human 44k 1.1 microarray

SUBMITTER: Jun Zhu  

PROVIDER: GSE33000 | GEO | 2014-07-31

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): PRJNA146519

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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Publications


Using expression profiles from postmortem prefrontal cortex samples of 624 dementia patients and non-demented controls, we investigated global disruptions in the co-regulation of genes in two neurodegenerative diseases, late-onset Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Huntington's disease (HD). We identified networks of differentially co-expressed (DC) gene pairs that either gained or lost correlation in disease cases relative to the control group, with the former dominant for both AD and HD and both pat  ...[more]

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