Genomics

Dataset Information

36

Dynamic Roles for Small RNAs and DNA Methylation during Ovule and Fiber Development in Allotetraploid Cotton


ABSTRACT: DNA methylation is essential for plant and animal development. In plants, methylation occurs at CG, CHG, and CHH (H = A, C or T) sites via distinct pathways. Cotton is an allotetraploid consisting of two progenitor genomes. Each cotton fiber is a rapidly-elongating cell derived from the ovule epidermis, but the molecular basis for this developmental transition is unknown. Here we analyzed methylome, transcriptome, and small RNAome and revealed distinct changes in CHH methylation during ovule and fiber development. In ovules, CHH hypermethylation in promoters correlated positively with siRNAs, inducing RNA-dependent DNA methylation (RdDM), and up-regulation of ovule-preferred genes. In fibers, the ovule-derived cells generated additional heterochromatic CHH hypermethylation independent of RdDM, which repressed transposable elements (TEs) and nearby genes including fiber-related genes. Furthermore, CHG and CHH methylation in genic regions contributed to homoeolog expression bias in ovules and fibers. Inhibiting DNA methylation using 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine in cultured ovules has reduced fiber cell number and length, suggesting a potential role for DNA methylation in fiber development. Thus, RdDM-dependent methylation in promoters and RdDM-independent methylation in TEs and nearby genes could act as a double-lock feedback mechanism to mediate gene and TE expression, potentiating the transition from epidermal to fiber cells during ovule and seed development. Overall design: Gossypium hirsutum acc. TM-1 grew in the greenhouse at The University of Texas at Austin. Leaves and bolls (0 and 14 DPA) were harvested with three biological replications. Ovules and fibers were carefully dissected from cotton bolls at 14 DPA and immediately frozen in liquid nitrogen for RNA and DNA preparation.

INSTRUMENT(S): Illumina HiSeq 2500 (Gossypium hirsutum)

SUBMITTER: Qingxin Song 

PROVIDER: GSE61774 | GEO | 2016-01-21

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE61760 GSE61773 GSE61761PRJNA262137

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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Publications

Dynamic Roles for Small RNAs and DNA Methylation during Ovule and Fiber Development in Allotetraploid Cotton.

Song Qingxin Q   Guan Xueying X   Chen Z Jeffrey ZJ  

PLoS genetics 20151228 12


DNA methylation is essential for plant and animal development. In plants, methylation occurs at CG, CHG, and CHH (H = A, C or T) sites via distinct pathways. Cotton is an allotetraploid consisting of two progenitor genomes. Each cotton fiber is a rapidly-elongating cell derived from the ovule epidermis, but the molecular basis for this developmental transition is unknown. Here we analyzed methylome, transcriptome, and small RNAome and revealed distinct changes in CHH methylation during ovule and  ...[more]

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