Transcriptomics,Genomics

Dataset Information

151

DNA methylation dynamics during cotton ovule and fiber development [ncRNA-Seq]


ABSTRACT: DNA methylation is essential for plant and animal development. In plants, methylation occurs at CG, CHG, and CHH (H = A, C or T) sites. CHH methylation is established by the small RNA-directed DNA methylation (RdDM) pathway. Cotton is an allotetraploid consisting of two progenitor genomes, and each cotton fiber is a rapidly-elongating cell from the ovule epidermis. Here we show that inhibiting DNA methylation impairs fiber development. Genome-wide bisulfite -, mRNA-, and small RNA-sequencing analyses reveal that CHH hypermethyaltion through RdDM in euchromatin is associated with expression changes of nearby genes in ovules. The ovule-derived fiber cells not only maintain euchromatic CHH hypermethylation, but also generate additional heterochromatic CHH hypermethylation independent of RdDM. Moreover, CHG and CHH methylation in promoter and transcribed regions contribute to the expression bias of homoeologous genes in the allotetraploid cotton. This epigenetic and expression dynamics of developmental regulation could provide a molecular basis for natural selection and domestication of plants and animals. Overall design: Libraries for MethylC-seq with two replicates, small RNA-seq with three replicates and mRNA-seq with two replicates were constructed using leaves, ovules at 0 DPA and 14 DPA, fibers at 14 DPA of Gossypium hirsutum cv. TM-1. These libraries were sequenced using Hiseq 2500.

INSTRUMENT(S): Illumina HiSeq 2500 (Gossypium hirsutum)

SUBMITTER: Qingxin Song 

PROVIDER: GSE61761 | GEO | 2016-01-21

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): PRJNA262138

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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Publications

Dynamic Roles for Small RNAs and DNA Methylation during Ovule and Fiber Development in Allotetraploid Cotton.

Song Qingxin Q   Guan Xueying X   Chen Z Jeffrey ZJ  

PLoS genetics 20151228 12


DNA methylation is essential for plant and animal development. In plants, methylation occurs at CG, CHG, and CHH (H = A, C or T) sites via distinct pathways. Cotton is an allotetraploid consisting of two progenitor genomes. Each cotton fiber is a rapidly-elongating cell derived from the ovule epidermis, but the molecular basis for this developmental transition is unknown. Here we analyzed methylome, transcriptome, and small RNAome and revealed distinct changes in CHH methylation during ovule and  ...[more]

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