Transcriptomics,Genomics

Dataset Information

26

Physical interaction between mutant calreticulin and the thrombopoietin receptor is required for transformation of hematopoietic cells


ABSTRACT: Somatic mutations in calreticulin (CALR) are present in approximately 40% of patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN). However, the mechanism by which mutant CALR is oncogenic is unknown. Here, we demonstrate that a megakaryocytic-specific MPN phenotype is induced when mutant CALR is over-expressed in mice and that the thrombopoietin receptor, MPL is required for mutant CALR driven transformation. Whole transcriptome analysis reveals enrichment of STAT signatures in mutant CALR transformed cells and JAK2 inhibitor treatment abrogates STAT activation. Employing extensive mutagenesis-based structure-function analysis we demonstrate that the positively charged amino acids within the mutant CALR C-terminus are required for cellular transformation through facilitating physical interaction between mutant CALR and MPL. Together, our findings elucidate a novel mechanism of cancer pathogenesis. Overall design: Transcriptomes derived from BA/F3-MPL cells transformed with human wild-type CALR, human mutant CALR 52bp del, or Empty vector, at time zero (t0) and 24 hours (t24) after IL3-withdrawal culture were generated by deep sequencing, two replicas, by HiSeq2000.

INSTRUMENT(S): Illumina HiSeq 2000 (Mus musculus)

SUBMITTER: Javier Perales-Paton  

PROVIDER: GSE74890 | GEO | 2016-04-14

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): PRJNA301731

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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Publications


Somatic mutations in calreticulin (CALR) are present in approximately 40% of patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN), but the mechanism by which mutant CALR is oncogenic remains unclear. Here, we demonstrate that expression of mutant CALR alone is sufficient to engender MPN in mice and recapitulates the disease phenotype of patients with CALR-mutant MPN. We further show that the thrombopoietin receptor MPL is required for mutant CALR-driven transformation through JAK-STAT pathway activa  ...[more]

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