Transcriptomics,Genomics

Dataset Information

87

RNA-sequencing of mouse knockout models for Cnp, Plp1, and Ugt8 in the frontal cortex and cerebellum


ABSTRACT: Oligodendrocytes (OLs) and myelin are critical for normal brain function and they have been implicated in neurodegeneration. Human neuroimaging studies have demonstrated that alterations in axons and myelin occur early in Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) course. However, the molecular mechanism underlying the role of OLs in AD remains largely unknown. In this study, we systematically interrogated OL-enriched gene networks constructed from large-scale genomic, transcriptomic, and proteomic data in human AD postmortem brain samples. These robust OL networks were highly enriched for genes associated with AD risk variants, including BIN1. We corroborated the structure of the AD OL coexpression and gene-gene interaction networks through ablation of genes identified as key drivers of the networks, including UGT8, CNP, MYRF, PLP1, NPC1, and NDGR1. Perturbations of these key drivers not only caused dysregulation in their associated network neighborhoods, but also mimicked pathways of gene expression dysregulation seen in human AD postmortem brain samples. In particular, the OL subnetwork controlled by the AD risk gene PSEN1 was strongly dysregulated in AD, suggesting a potential role of PSEN1 in disrupting the myelination pathway towards the onset of AD. In summary, this study built and systematically validated the first comprehensive molecular blueprint of OL dysregulation in AD, and identified key OL- and myelination-related genes and networks as potential candidate targets for the future development of AD therapies. Overall design: The mouse knockout models have been previously described for each of Ugt8 (Coetzee et al., 1996), Cnp (Lappe-Siefke et al., 2003), and Plp1 (Klugmann et al., 1997). For each of the two conditions studied (control and homozygous knockout mice), five mice of either sex were sacrificed at postnatal day 20 and brains were flashed-frozen until analysis. The frontal cortex (FC) and cerebellum (CBM) were dissected out and individually processed. RNA was isolated using Trizol reagent and processed using Ribo-Zero rRNA removal. RNA-sequencing was performed using the Illumina HiSeq2000 with 100 nucleotide paired-end reads. RNA-sequencing reads were mapped to the mouse genome (mm10, UCSC assembly) using Bowtie (version 2.2.3.0), TopHat (version 2.0.11), and SamTools (version 0.1.19.0) using a read length of 100. Reads were converted to counts at the gene level using HTSeq on the BAM files from TopHat2 using the UCSC known genes data set.

INSTRUMENT(S): Illumina HiSeq 2000 (Mus musculus)

SUBMITTER: Yongzhong Zhao  

PROVIDER: GSE80437 | GEO | 2018-02-23

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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Publications


Oligodendrocytes (OLs) and myelin are critical for normal brain function and have been implicated in neurodegeneration. Several lines of evidence including neuroimaging and neuropathological data suggest that Alzheimer's disease (AD) may be associated with dysmyelination and a breakdown of OL-axon communication.In order to understand this phenomenon on a molecular level, we systematically interrogated OL-enriched gene networks constructed from large-scale genomic, transcriptomic and proteomic da  ...[more]

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