Dataset Information


Altered Neocortical Gene Expression, Brain Overgrowth and Functional Over-Connectivity in Chd8 Haploinsufficient Mice

ABSTRACT: Truncating CHD8 mutations are amongst the highest confidence risk factors for autism spectrum disorders (ASD) identified to date. Here, we report that Chd8 heterozygous mice display increased brain size, motor delay, hypertelorism, pronounced hypoactivity, and anomalous responses to social stimuli. Whereas gene expression in the neocortex is only mildly affected at mid gestation, over 600 genes are differentially expressed in the early postnatal neocortex. Genes involved in cell adhesion and axon guidance are particularly prominent amongst the downregulated transcripts. Resting-state functional MRI identified increased synchronized activity in corticohippocampal and auditory-parietal networks in Chd8 heterozygous mutant mice, implicating altered connectivity as a potential mechanism underlying the behavioral phenotypes. Together, these data suggest that altered brain growth and diminished expression of important neurodevelopmental genes that regulate long-range brain wiring are followed by distinctive anomalies in functional brain connectivity in Chd8 +/− mice. Human imaging studies have reported altered functional connectivity in ASD patients, with long-range under-connectivity seemingly more frequent. Our data suggest that CHD8 haploinsufficiency represents a specific subtype of ASD where neuropsychiatric symptoms are underpinned by long-range over-connectivity. Overall design: RNA was isolated from microdissected cortices at E12.5 (both hemispheres) and P5 (one hemisphere and DNase-treated using the Direct-zol RNA MiniPrep kit (Zymo Research) according to the manufacturer?s instructions (n = 3 per experimental group). cDNA was end-repaired, adaptor-ligated, and A-tailed. Samples were sequenced over 2 lanes of the Illumina HiSEq 4000 platform.

INSTRUMENT(S): Illumina HiSeq 4000 (Mus musculus)

SUBMITTER: Albert Basson  

PROVIDER: GSE81103 | GEO | 2018-04-24


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