Transcriptomics,Genomics

Dataset Information

142

Next generation sequencing (NGS) of exosomal-miRNA derived from human adipose mesenchymal stem cells (hAMSCs) conditioned medium (CM).


ABSTRACT: Purpose: Relationship between mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and cancer cells became mysterious because of having sufficient evidences regarding both stimulatory and inhibitory role of MSCs to cancer cells. Certainly, there is debate on customary role of MSCs (inhibitory/stimulatory), however, the notable involvement of MSCs in cancer biology is undoubtedly clear. MSCs might support tumor development through immune suppression, epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT), angiogenesis, and serving as cancer stromal cells. In contrast, MSCs are also reported to play role in suppression of cancer by downregulating the cancer survival signaling pathways such as Wnt/β-catenin and/or Akt3. Now, it is a rational demand to investigate the mechanism behind these completely contradictory roles of MSCs in cancer biology. Incidentally, cytokines and soluble factors secreted by MSCs have been scrutinized thoroughly and most of the reports with few exceptions concluded that MSCs-secreted cytokines and soluble factors have stimulatory effect in the progression of cancer. While, role of exosomes which is a type of micro-vesicles having 30-200 nm diameters, secreted by all cells, could be up-taken by neighboring cells, containing many important components including RNAs, proteins, DNA and lipids, serving as efficient vehicles for cancer-stromal communication, have been investigated very marginally and deserve to go for intensive investigation. Specially, cell-secreted miRNAs (18-22 nucleotides) are predominantly carried by exosomes and have been focused in recent years for its capacity in post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression through mRNA silencing. Hence, understating the functions of MSCs-derived secretome (particularly exosomes) in cancer is very much important to comprehend the cross-talk between MSCs and cancer cell biology. In this research, next generation sequencing (NGS) was performed for enrichment analysis of miRNAs in hAMSCs-CM derived exosomes. Methods: Exosomal-RNA was isolated from hAMSCs-CM derived exosomes, small RNA libraries were prepared through a series of processes such as adapter ligation, reverse transcription, PCR amplification, and pooled gel purification.Sequence quality was checked by FastQC experiment, unique sequences found for known miRNAs after clustering were verified with miRBase database (www.mirbase.org/) by blast, trimmed read might have considered as miRNA on condition of having 100% identical and whole length sequence of miRNA compare to the ones on miRBase database. Unmatched trimmed read excluded from miRBase were blast to ncRNA database Rfam (http://rfam.sanger.ac.uk/). Unmatched trimmed reads to any of non-miRNA on Rfam database were considered as a potential novel miRNA. Result: The exosomal-RNA sequencing explored that exosomes contains a rich population of miRNAs and many of the obtained miRNAs are reported to have anti-cancer properties through targeting different cancer survival pathways. Conclusion: Outwardly, we outlined that exosomal-miRNA is one of the conceivable reasons behind anti-proliferative effect of MSCs towards cancer cells. Overall design: Exosomal-miRNA profiles were generated by NGS, in triplicate, by Illumina sequencing platforms.

INSTRUMENT(S): Illumina HiSeq 2500 (Homo sapiens)

SUBMITTER: Abu Musa Md Talimur Reza  

PROVIDER: GSE81151 | GEO | 2017-02-09

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): PRJNA320743

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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Publications

Human adipose mesenchymal stem cell-derived exosomal-miRNAs are critical factors for inducing anti-proliferation signalling to A2780 and SKOV-3 ovarian cancer cells.

Reza Abu Musa Md Talimur AMMT   Choi Yun-Jung YJ   Yasuda Hideyo H   Kim Jin-Hoi JH  

Scientific reports 20161208


An enigmatic question exists concerning the pro- or anti-cancer status of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Despite growing interest, this question remains unanswered, and the debate became intensified with new evidences backing each side. Here, we showed that human adipose MSC (hAMSC)-derived conditioned medium (CM) exhibited inhibitory effects on A2780 human ovarian cancer cells by blocking the cell cycle, and activating mitochondria-mediated apoptosis signalling. Explicitly, we demonstrated that  ...[more]

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