Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

30

MRNA expression profile in peripheral blood cells of RA patients following treatment with an anti-TNFa mAb, infliximab


ABSTRACT: Objectives: We monitored the mRNA expression profiles of peripheral blood cells during treatment with a tumor necrosis factor-a inhibitor, infliximab, in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Using a DNA microarray analysis, we demonstrated a unique set of genes, with distinct baseline and post-treatment changes in expression between responders and non-responders to infliximab treatment.Methods: Using a customized low-density cDNA microarray and a reliable data collection system, we monitored the mRNA expression profiles of whole blood cells from 18 RA patients before and after the infusion of infliximab for up to 22 weeks. The clinical response to treatment with infliximab was determined using the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) response criteria, the disease activity score of 28 joints (DAS28), and individual clinical parameters. The patients were classified as responders or non-responders based on their ACR50% response at 22 weeks. Results: Approximately 15% of the total genes were found to exhibit a greater than 1.5-fold change, compared to their reference values, at one or more time points during the 22 weeks of infliximab therapy. The expression of inflammatory genes, such as interferon-related genes, was strongly correlated with the serum level of C-reactive protein and the DAS28. The increased expression of inflammatory genes in responders was normalized within 2 weeks and then remained at a normal level during the treatment period. In contrast, in the non-responders, the elevated expression at baseline, although it was significantly decreased at 2 weeks, returned to the baseline level after 14 weeks. In addition to inflammatory genes, we identified several groups of genes with distinct differences in expression between the responders and non-responders.Conclusions: Our results suggest that a customized low-density microarray is useful for monitoring mRNA expression profiles in peripheral blood cells, enabling us to identify a unique set of genes with differentially regulated expressions in responders and non-responders to a TNF inhibitor among patients with RA. Keywords: disease state analysis Overall design: 18 RA Patients, We have collected blood samples into PAXgene tube systems for microarray measurement from patients as follows, just before first iv-injection of infliximab, 2 weeks, 14 weeks, and 22 weeks after first infliximab injection.

INSTRUMENT(S): Genomessage Homo sapiens 0.7k

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Tsutomu Takeuchi 

PROVIDER: GSE8350 | GEO | 2007-10-10

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): PRJNA101363

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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