Transcriptomics,Genomics

Dataset Information

44

MiRNAs as Common Regulators of the Transforming Growth Factor (TGF)-β Pathway in the Preeclamptic Placenta and Cadmium-treated Trophoblasts: Links between the Environment, the Epigenome and Preeclampsia


ABSTRACT: Preeclampsia (PE) is a pregnancy disorder characterized by high blood pressure and proteinuria that can cause adverse health effects in both mother and fetus. There is no current cure for PE other than delivery of the fetus. While the etiology is unknown, poor placentation of the placenta due to aberrant signaling of growth and angiogenic factors has been postulated as causal factors of PE. In addition, environmental contaminants, such as the metal cadmium (Cd), have been linked to placental toxicity and increased risk of developing PE. Here, we use a translational study design to investigate genomic and epigenomic alterations in both placentas and placental trophoblasts, focused on the angiogenesis-associated transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) pathway. Genes within the TGF-β pathway displayed increased expression in both the preeclamptic placenta and Cd-treated trophoblasts. In addition, miRNAs that target the TGF-β pathway were also significantly altered within the preeclamptic placenta and Cd-treated trophoblasts. Integrative analysis resulted in the identification of a subset of Cd-responsive miRNAs, including miR-26a and miR-155, common to preeclamptic placentas and Cd-treated trophoblasts. These miRNAs have previously been linked to PE and are predicted to regulate members of the TGF-β pathway. Results from this study provide future targets for PE treatment. Overall design: Placental Tissue Samples from 32 women (16 normotensive women, denoted with a P, and 16 preeclamptic women, denoted with a Q) were analyzed for differenital miRNA expression controling for age, race and gestational age JEG3 cells were exposed and not exposed to cadmium and were analyzed for differential miRNA expression JEG3 cell changes were compared to preelcampsia associated changes to determine overlaps

INSTRUMENT(S): Agilent-031181 Unrestricted_Human_miRNA_V16.0_Microarray 030840 (Feature Number version)

SUBMITTER: Rebecca Catherine Fry  

PROVIDER: GSE84260 | GEO | 2016-07-12

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): PRJNA328487

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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