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Ebola virus glycoprotein variant with increased infectivity for human cells dominated the 2013-2016 outbreak

ABSTRACT: The unprecedented magnitude of the 2013-2016 Makona Ebola virus (M-EBOV) epidemic likely resulted from multiple epidemiologic factors that set it apart from previous outbreaks. Nonetheless, genetic adaptations that distinguish M-EBOV from previous isolates may also have contributed to the scale of the epidemic. Of particular interest is a M-EBOV glycoprotein (GP) variant, GP-A82V, that was first detected at the inflection point of the 2013-2016 outbreak - when the number of cases increased exponentially - and which completely supplanted the earlier M-EBOV sequence. We found that, as compared with the earlier strain, GP-A82V increased the ability of M-EBOV to fuse with and infect cells of primate origin, including human blood dendritic cells, without altering innate immune signaling in target cells. Residue 82 is located at the NPC1-binding site on M-EBOV GP and the increased infectivity of GP-A82V was restricted to cells from species in which the NPC1 orthologue bears primate-defining residues at the critical interface. We utilized HIV-derived lentiviral vectors pseudotyped with founder and A82V containing M-EBOV GPs to explore the potential that this modification alters how human monocyte-derived dendritic cells (MDDCs) respond to EBOV GP stimulation. Overall design: We generated stocks of lentiviral vector bearing one the following three M-EBOV GPs: founder, A82V, and A82V/T230A. These viral stocks were used to challenge MDDCs from two healthy, anonymous human donors. Stimulated MDDCs were harvested at 1, 2, 4, and 6 hours after viral addition. Gene expression in M-EBOV GP challenged MDDCs was compared to a unstimulated control.

INSTRUMENT(S): Illumina NextSeq 500 (Homo sapiens)

SUBMITTER: Alper Kucukural  

PROVIDER: GSE84865 | GEO | 2017-08-31



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The magnitude of the 2013-2016 Ebola virus disease (EVD) epidemic enabled an unprecedented number of viral mutations to occur over successive human-to-human transmission events, increasing the probability that adaptation to the human host occurred during the outbreak. We investigated one nonsynonymous mutation, Ebola virus (EBOV) glycoprotein (GP) mutant A82V, for its effect on viral infectivity. This mutation, located at the NPC1-binding site on EBOV GP, occurred early in the 2013-2016 outbreak  ...[more]

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