RARα-PLZF overcomes PLZF-mediated repression of CRABPI contributing to retinoid resistance in t(11;17) APL
ABSTRACT: This study supports an active role for PLZF and RARα-PLZF in leukemogenesis, identifies upregulation of CRABPI as a novel mechanism contributing to retinoid resistance and reveals the ability of the reciprocal fusion gene products to mediate distinct epigenetic effects contributing to the leukemic phenotype. Keywords: Disease state analysis Overall design: 5 patients with t(11;17) or t(7;17) translocations and with the RARA-PLZF status known were analysed for changes in expression related to the reciprocal status. This is a rare disease.
INSTRUMENT(S): [HG-U133A] Affymetrix Human Genome U133A Array
Project description:This study supports an active role for PLZF and RARα-PLZF in leukemogenesis, identifies upregulation of CRABPI as a novel mechanism contributing to retinoid resistance and reveals the ability of the reciprocal fusion gene products to mediate distinct; epigenetic effects contributing to the leukemic phenotype. Experiment Overall Design: 5 patients with t(11;17) or t(7;17) translocations and with the RARA-PLZF status known were analysed for changes in expression related to the reciprocal status. This is a rare disease.
Project description:Natural killer (NKT) T cells exhibit tissue distribution, surface phenotype, and functional responses that are strikingly different from those of conventional T cells. The transcription factor PLZF is responsible for most of these properties, as its ectopic expression in conventional T cells is sufficient to confer to them an NKT-like phenotype. The molecular program downstream of PLZF, however, is largely unexplored. Here we report that PLZF regulates the expression of a surprisingly small set of genes, many with known immune functions. This includes several established components of the NKT cell developmental program. Transcriptional program downstream of PLZF in gammadelta NKT cells was analyzed by comparing wt, heterozygous and PLZF-deficient gammadelta NKT cells
Project description:The PLZF-RARa fusion oncoprotein is overexpressed in the t(11;17) subtype of acute promyelocytic leukemia. Gene expression microarrays were used to identify genes involved in leukemic transformation. We used microarray to detect gene expression changes induced by the PLZF-RARa fusion oncoprotein in the U937 cell line Experiment Overall Design: The U937T:PLZF-RARa cell line was engineered to express PLZF-RARa upon tetracycline removal. PLZF-RARa was induced for 48hr and RNA was extracted and hybridized to Affymetrix HGU133Plus2.0 Chips
Project description:The PLZF-RARa fusion oncoprotein is overexpressed in the t(11;17) subtype of acute promyelocytic leukemia. Gene expression microarrays were used to identify genes involved in leukemic transformation. We used microarray to detect gene expression changes induced by the PLZF-RARa fusion oncoprotein in the U937 cell line Overall design: The U937T:PLZF-RARa cell line was engineered to express PLZF-RARa upon tetracycline removal. PLZF-RARa was induced for 48hr and RNA was extracted and hybridized to Affymetrix HGU133Plus2.0 Chips
Project description:Diverse populations of natural killer cells, which exert critical early cytolytic functions against virally infected cells, have recently been uncovered, raising issues of lineage relationships. We used expression of the transcription factor PLZF to identify the developmental intermediates of ILC1s, a subset of natural killer-like cells that are particularly abundant in the liver, and demonstrated a distinct precursor but parallel development and partial overlap with established classical NK stages. Using microarray analysis, we defined a set of PLZF-dependent genes that contributed to the lineage divergence between ILC1s and classical NK cells. Liver lymphocytes from pools of PLZF+/+ or PLZF-/- mice were sorted into ILC1s and cNKs for RNA isolation and Illumina expression profiling.
Project description:Cultured THY1+ spermatogonia were used to reveal the genomic targets of PLZF and SALL4 in undifferentiated spermatogonia. Overall design: Three replicate preparations of DBA/2 mouse THY1+ spermatogonia were used for independent ChIP of PLZF and SALL4, NGS and MACS-based peak calling.
Project description:Sensitivity to Interferon (IFN) is determined by a complex coordination of genetic and environmental factors. A previous experiment using two renal cancer cell lines differing markedly in their response to IFN were analyzed for their ISG profiles in order to determine gene expression changes associated with IFN sensitivity (Holko M, Williams BR. Functional annotation of IFN-alpha-stimulated gene expression profiles from sensitive and resistant renal cell carcinoma cell lines. J Interferon Cytokine Res 2006 Aug;26(8):534-47). Higher and more persistent expression of a subset of ISGs was noted in the IFN-sensitive RCC1 cells when compared with the relatively IFN-insensitive ACHN cells. A subset of Interferon stimulated genes (ISGs) whose sustained expression correlates with heightened IFN sensitivity were analyzed for functional and sequence similarities. This subset predominately contains genes involved in transcription, and most were found to contain in their promoters binding sites for promyleocytic zinc finger factor (PLZF), a transcriptional repressor identified by virtue of its role in the etiology of Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia (APL). Analysis of gene expression in a lymphoid cell line with inducible PLZF expression reveals that increased expression of immune system related genes including ISGs, depends on PLZF expression. Chromatin Immunoprecipitation assays show direct association between PLZF and in silico identified PLZF binding sites in ISG promoters. This study reveals a novel interaction between PLZF and IFN signaling. A time course of IFNa treatment (0, 6, 16, 24 hrs) was performed in tetetracycline induced PLZF overexpressing and control U937T:PLZF45 cells. For the 0 hr time point, PLZF overexpression (Cy5) was compared with control cells (Cy3). For the 6, 16, and 24 hr IFN treated time points, treated RNA was labelled with Cy5 and non-IFN treated RNA with Cy3. Each IFN treatment time point was performed on control and PLZF-overexpressing cells respectively.
Project description:We have previously found the immortalization of mouse HSPCs retrovirally transuced with Plzf. To investigate the moleular mehcanism of the immortalization, we preliminarily performed comprehensive gene expression profiling of Plzf-transduced KSL and myeloid progenitor-enriched (MP) cells using cDNA microarray analysis. Overall design: For screening of critical target genes involved in the immortalization, KSL and MP cells were retrovirally transduced with Plzf-IRES-EGFP or EGFP. GFP-positive cells were sorted 48 hours after the transduction, followed by RNA extraction. The Plzf-transduced cells were compared with the control GFP-transduced cells.
Project description:The spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) is the most widely used model of essential hypertension and is predisposed to left ventricular hypertrophy, myocardial fibrosis, and metabolic disturbances. Recently, a quantitative trait locus (QTL) influencing blood pressure, left ventricular mass and heart interstitial fibrosis was genetically isolated within 788 kb on chromosome 8 segment of SHR-PD5 congenic strain that contains only 7 genes, including mutant Plzf (promyelocytic leukemia zinc finger) gene. To identify Plzf as a quantitative trait gene, we targeted Plzf in the SHR using the TALEN technique and obtained SHR line harboring mutant Plzf gene with a premature stop codon at position of amino acid 58. The Plzf mutant allele is semi-lethal since approximately 95% of newborn homozygous animals die perinatally due to multiple developmental abnormalities. Heterozygous rats were grossly normal and were used for metabolic and hemodynamic analyses. SHR-Plzf+/- heterozygotes versus SHR wild type controls exhibited reduced body weight and relative weight of epididymal fat, lower serum and liver triglycerides and cholesterol and better glucose tolerance. In addition, SHR-Plzf+/- rats exhibited significantly increased sensitivity of adipose and muscle tissue to insulin action when compared to wild type controls. Blood pressure was comparable in SHR versus SHR-Plzf+/-, however, there was significant amelioration of cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and cardiac fibrosis in SHR-Plzf+/- rats. Gene expression profiles in the liver and expression of selected genes in the heart revealed differentially expressed genes playing a role in metabolic pathways, PPAR signaling, and cell cycle regulation. These results provide evidence for an important role of Plzf in regulation of metabolic and cardiac traits in the rat and suggest a cross-talk between cell cycle regulators, metabolism, cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis.