Transcriptomics,Genomics

Dataset Information

28

Type I interferon signaling attenuates Regulatory T cells function in LCMV infection


ABSTRACT: Regulatory T cells (Tregs) play a cardinal role in the immune system by suppressing detrimental autoimmune responses, but their role in acute and chronic infectious diseases remains unclear. We recently demonstrated that IFN- receptor (IFNAR) signaling promotes Treg function in autoimmunity. To dissect the functional role of IFNAR-signaling in Tregs during acute and chronic viral infection, we infected Treg-specific IFNAR deficient (IFNARfl/flxFoxp3YFP-Cre) mice with LCMV Armstrong and Clone-13. In both models, IFNARfl/flxFoxp3YFP-Cre mice Tregs expressed enhanced expression of Treg associated activation antigens. The enhanced activated phenotype was also seen when we compared the transcriptomes of IFNARfl/flxFoxp3YFP-Cre and wild type (WT) Tregs by RNA-Seq on day 25-post Clone-13 infection. LCMV-specific CD8+ T cells from IFNARfl/flxFoxp3YFP-Cre mice produced less antiviral IFN and TNF in both acute and chronic LCMV. In the chronic model, the numbers of anti-viral effector and memory CD8+ T cells were decreased in IFNARfl/flxFoxp3YFP-Cre mice and the effector CD4+ and CD8+ T cells exhibited a phenotype compatible with enhanced exhaustion. IFNARfl/flxFoxp3YFP-Cre mice cleared Armstrong infection normally, but had higher viral titers in sera, kidneys and lungs than WT mice during chronic infection. Thus, type I IFN signaling in Tregs is context-dependent, resulting in enhanced suppressor function in some models of autoimmunity, but decreased suppressor function in acute and chronic viral infection. Overall design: mRNA from Treg cells from 5 WT and 5 IFNAR deficient mice were analyzied by RNA-seq using Illumina HiSeq

INSTRUMENT(S): Illumina HiSeq 2500 (Mus musculus)

SUBMITTER: Craig Martens  

PROVIDER: GSE93909 | GEO | 2017-10-24

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): PRJNA362815

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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Publications

Type I interferon signaling attenuates regulatory T cell function in viral infection and in the tumor microenvironment.

Gangaplara Arunakumar A   Martens Craig C   Dahlstrom Eric E   Metidji Amina A   Gokhale Ameya S AS   Glass Deborah D DD   Lopez-Ocasio Maria M   Baur Rachel R   Kanakabandi Kishore K   Porcella Stephen F SF   Shevach Ethan M EM  

PLoS pathogens 20180419 4


Regulatory T cells (Tregs) play a cardinal role in the immune system by suppressing detrimental autoimmune responses, but their role in acute, chronic infectious diseases and tumor microenvironment remains unclear. We recently demonstrated that IFN-α/β receptor (IFNAR) signaling promotes Treg function in autoimmunity. Here we dissected the functional role of IFNAR-signaling in Tregs using Treg-specific IFNAR deficient (IFNARfl/flxFoxp3YFP-Cre) mice in acute LCMV Armstrong, chronic Clone-13 viral  ...[more]

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