Genomics

Dataset Information

34

Prognostic liver signature profiles (114-gene signature) in liver biopsy tissues from severe alcoholic hepatitis patients (NanoString)


ABSTRACT: Importance: Severe alcoholic hepatitis (AH) is a highly lethal disease with a 3-month mortality up to 50%. Corticosteroids are the current standard of care although nearly 40% of the patients do not respond and accurate pre-treatment predictors of survival are lacking. Objective: To develop a prognostic score based on molecular and clinical variables before initiation of corticosteroids. Design, Setting, and Participants: Gene expression profiling of fixed liver biopsy obtained for diagnosis of severe AH assessed in 3 independent cohorts (1 prospective cohort for prognostic gene signature and integrative score derivation, and 2 retrospective cohorts for validation). Samples were obtained from 4 European and 1 US medical centers between July 2006 and February 2015. Exposures: Biopsy proven severe AH patients treated with corticosteroids. Main Outcome Measures: Identification of a gene signature combined with a validated clinical index to develop an integrative prognostic score of survival without death or liver transplantation in a derivation cohort (n=71). Prognostic performance of the score was validated in an independent multi-center validation cohort 1 (n=48). Finally, the score was implemented in an FDA-approved clinical diagnostic platform (NanoString) and tested in another independent validation cohort 2 (n=20). Results: A prognostic score, integrating a 123-gene signature and the model for end-stage liver disease (gs-MELD score), was defined in the derivation cohort, in which poor- and good-prognosis patients were discriminated with a cut-off value of 2.66 at 3 months (event-free survival rates of 32% vs. 76%, respectively, p<.001) and 6 months (26% vs. 65%, respectively, p<.001). In the validation cohort 1, the score similarly discriminated poor- and good-prognosis patients at 3 months (43%, [95% CI, 26%-70%] vs. 96% [95% CI, 89%-100%], respectively, p<.001, c-index of 0.83 [95% CI, 0.66-0.99]) and 6 months (34% [95% CI, 18%-61%] vs 84% [95% CI, 72%-100%], respectively, p<.001, c-index of 0.80 [95% CI, 0.66-0.94]), and outperformed other existing clinical indices. The NanoString-based gs-MELD score remained predictive of 3- (p=.03) and 6-month (p=.009) even-free survival in the validation cohort 2. Conclusion and Relevance: The gs-MELD score, incorporating clinically applicable gene signature test and the MELD score, enables pre-treatment survival prediction in severe AH patients. Overall design: Gene expression profiling of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded liver biopsy tissues obtained at the time of enrollment.

INSTRUMENT(S): NanoString nCounter Elements Prognostic Alcoholic Hepatitis Signature (114-gene signature)

SUBMITTER: Yujin Hoshida  

PROVIDER: GSE95246 | GEO | 2018-02-18

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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BACKGROUND & AIMS:Patients with severe alcoholic hepatitis (AH) have a high risk of death within 90 days. Corticosteroids, which can cause severe adverse events, are the only treatment that increases short-term survival. It is a challenge to predict outcomes of patients with severe AH. Therefore, we developed a scoring system to predict patient survival, integrating baseline molecular and clinical variables. METHODS:We obtained fixed liver biopsy samples from 71 consecutive patients diagnosed wi  ...[more]

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