Transcriptomics,Genomics

Dataset Information

92

Locus-specific control of the de novo DNA methylation pathway [mRNA-seq]


ABSTRACT: Abstract: Cytosine DNA methylation plays crucial roles in gene regulation, transposon silencing, and diverse developmental processes. While methylation patterns are known to differ between cell-types, tissues, and disease states, how these differences arise remains poorly understood. In plants, DNA methylation is established via the RNA-directed DNA methylation pathway (RdDM), wherein 24-nucleotide small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) guide methylation at cognate genomic loci1. RNA POLYMERASE-IV (Pol-IV), a plant-specific polymerase, initiates the biogenesis of these methylation-targeting RNAs, thus understanding how Pol-IV is regulated is critical in determining how specific patterns of DNA methylation are generated. Here we show roles for four Pol-IV-associated factors, CLASSY (CLSY) 1-42,3, in both locus-specific and global regulation of Pol-IV function. Individually, each CLSY protein controls siRNA production and Pol-IV chromatin association at unique set of loci. This translates into locus-specific DNA methylation losses and the release of silencing. In addition to locus-specific effects, several layers of redundancy were identified: The clsy1,2 and clsy3,4 mutants act synergistically, regulating thousands more siRNA loci than the single mutants. Furthermore, the clsy1,2- and clsy3,4-dependent loci are mutually exclusive and geographically distinct, revealing a striking division of labor amongst the CLSY family. Finally, the clsy quadruple mutant causes global siRNA losses, demonstrating that Pol-IV is completely dependent on the CLSY family. Investigation into the mechanisms underlying the CLSY specificity revealed connections between clsy1,2- and clsy3,4-dependent loci and either SAWADEE HOMEODOMAIN HOMOLOG 1 or DNA METHYLTRANSFERASE 1, demonstrating a reliance on different chromatin modifications, H3K9 or CG DNA methylation, respectively4,5. Together, these findings not only shed light on Pol-IV function, but also reveal an additional layer of complexity to the RdDM pathway that enables the locus-specific control of DNA methylation patterns. Given the parallels between methylation systems in plants and mammals1, these findings will be informative for analogous processes in a broad range of organisms. Overall design: 22 mRNA-seq libraries were sequenced

INSTRUMENT(S): Illumina HiSeq 2500 (Arabidopsis thaliana)

SUBMITTER: Julie Law  

PROVIDER: GSE99691 | GEO | 2018-04-14

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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Publications

Locus-specific control of the de novo DNA methylation pathway in Arabidopsis by the CLASSY family.

Zhou Ming M   Palanca Ana Marie S AMS   Law Julie A JA  

Nature genetics 20180507 6


DNA methylation is essential for gene regulation, transposon silencing and imprinting. Although the generation of specific DNA methylation patterns is critical for these processes, how methylation is regulated at individual loci remains unclear. Here we show that a family of four putative chromatin remodeling factors, CLASSY (CLSY) 1-4, are required for both locus-specific and global regulation of DNA methylation in Arabidopsis thaliana. Mechanistically, these factors act in connection with RNA  ...[more]

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