A mitochondrial proteome profile of type 2 diabetes mellitus in skeletal muscles
ABSTRACT: The goal of the project is to understand the mitochondrial proteome profiles related to T2DM. We performed comprehensive proteome profiling of mitochondria isolated from skeletal muscles in nine T2DM patients and nine control subjects with normal glucose tolerance (NGT).
Project description:The goal of the project is to understand the mitochondrial proteome profiles related to T2DM. We performed comprehensive proteome profiling of mitochondria isolated from skeletal muscles in nine T2DM patients and nine control subjects with normal glucose tolerance (NGT).
Project description:We used microarray technology to profile mRNA expression in the skeletal muscle of normal (NGT), glucose intolerant (IGT) and type 2 diabetic (DM) subjects. Groups were classified using WHO criteria and, importantly, the DM group were free of anti hypoglycaemic medication for one week prior to biopsy. Overall design: Total RNA was extracted from the vastus lateralis of normal (NGT), glucose intolerant (IGT) and type 2 diabetic (DM) subjects (n = 118 in total) who had been free of hypoglycemic medication for one week. RNA was hybridized to Affymetric HGU133plus2 platform following manufacturer's directions.
Project description:We used microarray technology to profile mRNA expression in the skeletal muscle of normal (NGT), glucose intolerant (IGT) and type 2 diabetic (DM) subjects. Groups were classified using WHO criteria and, importantly, the DM group were free of anti hypoglycaemic medication for one week prior to biopsy. Total RNA was extracted from the vastus lateralis of normal (NGT), glucose intolerant (IGT) and type 2 diabetic (DM) subjects (n = 118 in total) who had been free of hypoglycemic medication for one week. RNA was hybridized to Affymetric HGU133plus2 platform following manufacturer's directions.
Project description:We performed gene expression microarray analysis of skeletal muscle biopsies from normal glucose tolerant subjects and type 2 diabetes subjects obtained during a 60 min bicycle ergometer exercise and the 180 min of recovery phase We analysed skeletal mucle biopsies from patients with T2D and from control subjects (n=7 each) at three time points during exercise and recovery
Project description:Uhlén2015 - Human tissue-based proteome metabolic network - skeletal
Human skeletal tissue specific proteome metabolic network
This model is described in the article:
Tissue-based map of the human proteome
Uhlén M, Fagerberg L, Hallström BM, Lindskog C, Oksvold P, Mardinoglu A, Sivertsson Å, Kampf C, Sjöstedt E, Asplund A, Olsson I, Edllund K, Lundberg E, Navani S, Szigyarto AC, Odeberg J, Djureinovic D, Takanen JO, Hober S, Alm T, Edqvist P, Berlin H, Tegel H, Mulder J, Rockberg J, Nilsson P, Schwenk JM, Hamsten M, von Feilitzen K, Forsberg M, Persson L, Johansson F, Zwahlen M, von Heijne G, Nielsen J, Pontén F.
Science 2015 January; 347(6220)
Resolving the molecular details of proteome variation in the different tissues and organs of the human body will greatly increase our knowledge of human biology and disease. Here, we present a map of the human tissue proteome based on an integrated omics approach that involves quantitative transcriptomics at the tissue and organ level, combined with tissue microarray–based immunohistochemistry, to achieve spatial localization of proteins down to the single-cell level. Our tissue-based analysis detected more than 90% of the putative protein-coding genes. We used this approach to explore the human secretome, the membrane proteome, the druggable proteome, the cancer proteome, and the metabolic functions in 32 different tissues and organs. All the data are integrated in an interactive Web-based database that allows exploration of individual proteins, as well as navigation of global expression patterns, in all major tissues and organs in the human body.
This model is hosted on
and identified by:
To cite BioModels Database, please use:
ten-year anniversary .
To the extent possible under law, all copyright and related or
neighbouring rights to this encoded model have been dedicated to
the public domain worldwide. Please refer to
Public Domain Dedication for more information.
Project description:Skeletal myocytes are metabolically active and susceptible to insulin resistance, thus implicated in type 2 diabetes (T2D). This complex disease involves systemic metabolic changes and their elucidation at the systems level requires genome-wide data and biological networks. Genome-scale metabolic models (GEMs) provide a network-context to integrate high-throughput data. We generated myocyte-specific RNA-seq data and investigated their correlation with proteome data. These data were then used to reconstruct a comprehensive myocyte GEM. Next, we performed a meta-analysis of six studies comparing muscle transcription in T2D versus healthy subjects. Transcriptional changes were mapped on the myocyte GEM, revealing extensive transcriptional regulation in T2D, particularly around pyruvate oxidation, branched-chain amino acid catabolism, and tetrahydrofolate metabolism, connected through the down-regulated dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase. Strikingly, the gene signature underlying this metabolic regulation successfully classifies the disease state of individual samples, suggesting that regulation of these pathways is a ubiquitous feature of myocytes in response to T2D. Isolated skeletal muscle precursor cells from six normal glucose tolerant and non-obese males and females were differentiated in vitro. RNA from fully differentiated myotubes was sequenced using RNA-seq.
Project description:To identify insulin responsive genes in humans, in the first protocol, skeletal muscle biopsies from six non-diabetic subjects were obtained before and after a two-hour of hyperinsulinaemic (infusion rate 40 mU/m2/min) euglycemic clamp. A variable infusion of glucose (180 g/l) enriched with tritiated glucose (100 μCi/500 ml) maintained euglycemia during insulin infusion, with monitoring of plasma glucose concentration every 5 to 10 min during the basal and clamp periods using an automated glucose oxidation method (Glucose Analyzer 2, Beckman Instruments, Fullerton, CA). In the second protocol, skeletal muscle biopsies from six non-diabetic subjects were obtained before and after a 3-hour hyperinsulinemic (infusion rate 40 mU/m2/min) euglycemic clamp in order to increase the effects of insulin on gene expression. A variable infusion of glucose (180 g/l) was used to maintain euglycemia during insulin infusion with monitoring of plasma glucose concentration every 5 to 10 min using an automated glucose oxidation method (Glucose Analyzer 2, Beckman Instruments, Fullerton, CA). Keywords: dose response The muscle biopsies were obtained from the vastus lateralis muscle under local anesthesia before and after hyperinsulinaemic (infusion rate 40 mU/m2/min) euglycemic clamp
Project description:Skeletal muscle mitochondrial dysfunction is secondary to T2DM and can be improved by long-term regular exercise training Mitochondrial dysfunction has long been implicated to play a causative role in development of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). However, a growing number of recent studies provide data that mitochondrial dysfunction is a consequence of T2DM development. The aim of our study is to clarify in further detail the causal role of mitochondrial dysfunction in T2DM by a comprehensive ex vivo analysis of mitochondrial function combined with global gene expression analysis in muscle of pre-diabetic newly diagnosed untreated T2DM subjects and long-standing insulin treated T2DM subjects compared with age- and BMI-matched controls. In addition, we assessed the impact of long-term interval exercise training on physical activity performance, mitochondrial function and glycemic control in long-standing insulin-treated T2DM subjects. Ex vivo mitochondrial density, quality and functioning was comparable between pre-diabetic subjects and matched controls, however, gene expression analysis showed a switch from carbohydrate toward lipids as energy source in pre-diabetes subjects. In contrast, long-term insulin treated T2DM subjects had slightly decreased mitochondrial density and ex vivo function. Expression of Krebs cycle and OXPHOS related genes were decreased, indicating a decreased capacity to use lipids as an energy source. The insulin-treated T2DM subjects had a lower physical activity level than pre-diabetic and normoglycemic subjects. A 52 weeks exercise training of these subjects increased submaximal oxidative efficiency, increased in vivo PCr recovery rate, as well as mildly increased in vitro mitochondrial function. Gene expression of β-oxidation, Krebs cycle and OXPHOS-related genes was increased. Our data demonstrate that mitochondrial dysfunction is rather a consequence than a causative factor in T2DM development as it was only detected in overt diabetes and not in early diabetes. Regular exercise training stabilized exogenous insulin requirement and improved mitochondrial functioning, fatty acid oxidation and general physical work load capacity in long-standing insulin-treated T2DM subjects. As such, the present study shows for the first time that long-term exercise interventions are beneficial in this group of complex diabetes patient and may prevent further metabolic deterioration. Overall design: Insulin-treated T2DM subjects before and after 52 weeks of exercise training (T2DM_0 and T2DM_52), normoglycemic controls (NGT) and pre-diabetes subjects (IGT) and were selected. RNA was extracted from skeletal muscle biopsies and hybridized on Affymetrix microarrays.
Project description:Human skeletal muscle was obtained from five individuals: Two hyperglycaemic type 2 diabetics, one diabetic subjects with normal fasting glucose and two healthy control subjects matched for age and BMI.
Project description:The Finland-United States Investigation of NIDDM Genetics (FUSION) study is a long-term effort to identify genetic variants that predispose to type 2 diabetes (T2D) or that impact the variability of T2D-related quantitative traits (QTs). Skeletal muscle and adipose are major insulin target tissues and play key roles in insulin resistance. We hypothesize that a subset of T2D and related QT variants alter gene expression in skeletal muscle and adipose tissue. For this FUSION Tissue Biopsy Study, we are obtaining and analyzing RNA-Seq, microRNA (miRNA)-Seq, DNA methylation (methyl)-Seq, and enhancer RNA (eRNA)-Seq data on biopsy samples from 331 individuals from across the range of glucose tolerance: 128 normal glucose tolerance (NGT), 84 impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), 52 impaired fasting glucose (IFG), and 67 newly-diagnosed T2Ds. Participants completed two study visits, two weeks apart. First visits were comprised of most of the clinical phenotyping... (for more see dbGaP study page.)