Project description:Competition between bacteria for habitat and resources is very common in the natural environment and is considered to be a selective force for survival. Many strains of the genus Pseudoalteromonas were confirmed to produce bioactive compounds that provide those advantages over their competitors. In our previous study, P. flavipulchra JG1 was found to synthesize a Pseudoalteromonas flavipulchra antibacterial Protein (PfaP) with L-amino acid oxidase activity and five small chemical compounds, which were the main competitive agents of the strain. In addition, the genome of this bacterium has been previously sequenced as Whole Genome Shotgun project (PMID: 22740664). In this study, more extensive genomic analysis was performed to identify specific genes or gene clusters which related to its competitive feature, and further experiments were carried out to confirm the physiological roles of these genes when competing with other microorganisms in marine environment.The antibacterial protein PfaP may also participate in the biosynthesis of 6-bromoindolyl-3-acetic acid, indicating a synergistic effect between the antibacterial macromolecule and small molecules. Chitinases and quorum quenching enzymes present in P. flavipulchra, which coincide with great chitinase and acyl homoserine lactones degrading activities of strain JG1, suggest other potential mechanisms contribute to antibacterial/antifungal activities. Moreover, movability and rapid response mechanisms to phosphorus starvation and other stresses, such as antibiotic, oxidative and heavy metal stress, enable JG1 to adapt to deleterious, fluctuating and oligotrophic marine environments.The genome of P. flavipulchra JG1 exhibits significant genetic advantages against other microorganisms, encoding antimicrobial agents as well as abilities to adapt to various adverse environments. Genes involved in synthesis of various antimicrobial substances enriches the antagonistic mechanisms of P. flavipulchra JG1 and affords several admissible biocontrol procedures in aquaculture. Furthermore, JG1 also evolves a range of mechanisms adapting the adverse marine environment or multidrug rearing conditions. The analysis of the genome of P. flavipulchra JG1 provides a better understanding of its competitive properties and also an extensive application prospect.
Project description:The marine bacterium Pseudoalteromonas flavipulchra JG1 can synthesize various antibacterial metabolites, including protein and small molecules. The draft genome of JG1 is about 5.36 Mb and harbors approximate 4,913 genes, which will provide further insight into the synthesis of antimicrobial agents and antagonistic mechanisms of P. flavipulchra against pathogens.
Project description:We report the 4.049-Mbp high-quality draft assembly of the Pseudoalteromonas luteoviolacea strain B (ATCC 29581) genome. This marine species is known to biosynthesize several antimicrobial compounds, including the purple pigment violacein. Whole-genome sequencing and genome mining will complement experimental studies aimed at elucidating novel biosynthetic pathways capable of producing pharmaceutically relevant molecules. Based upon 16S rRNA phylogenetic analysis, we propose that strain ATCC 29581 be classified as a distinct phylogenetic species of the genus Pseudoalteromonas.
Project description:Halophilic and psychrophilic marine bacteria are source of interesting bioactive molecules for biotechnology. We report here the whole-genome sequences of two of them, Pseudoalteromonas sp. MIP2626 isolated from tropical peeled shrimps and Psychrobacter sp. BI730 isolated from deep-sea hydrothermal vent. Sequencing of both genomes was performed by Illumina HiSeq platform (2?×?150 pb). De novo assemblies using Spades v3.9 generated 136 contigs for Pseudoalteromonas MIP2626 and 42 contigs for Psychrobacter BI730, representing a genome size of 3.9 Mb and 3.2 Mb, respectively. Phylogenetic based on 16S rRNA gene sequence and phylogenomic analyses were reported to compare the new sequences with Pseudoalteromonas and Psychrobacter representative strains available in the public databases. The genome sequences have been deposited at GenBank under the accession numbers JAATTW000000000 for Pseudoalteromonas sp. MIP2626 and JAATTV000000000 for Psychrobacter sp. BI730.
Project description:Pseudoalteromonas haloplanktis TAC125 is among the most commonly studied bacteria adapted to cold environments. Aside from its ecological relevance, P. haloplanktis has a potential use for biotechnological applications. Due to its importance, we decided to take advantage of next generation sequencing (Illumina) and third generation sequencing (PacBio and Oxford Nanopore) technologies to resequence its genome. The availability of a reference genome, obtained using whole genome shotgun sequencing, allowed us to study and compare the results obtained by the different technologies and draw useful conclusions for future de novo genome assembly projects. We found that assembly polishing using Illumina reads is needed to achieve a consensus accuracy over 99.9% when using Oxford Nanopore sequencing, but not in PacBio sequencing. However, the dependency of consensus accuracy on coverage is lower in Oxford Nanopore than in PacBio, suggesting that a cost-effective solution might be the use of low coverage Oxford Nanopore sequencing together with Illumina reads. Despite the differences in consensus accuracy, all sequencing technologies revealed the presence of a large plasmid, pMEGA, which was undiscovered until now. Among the most interesting features of pMEGA is the presence of a putative error-prone polymerase regulated through the SOS response. Aside from the characterization of the newly discovered plasmid, we confirmed the sequence of the small plasmid pMtBL and uncovered the presence of a potential partitioning system. Crucially, this study shows that the combination of next and third generation sequencing technologies give us an unprecedented opportunity to characterize our bacterial model organisms at a very detailed level.