Project description:The Philadelphia chromosome (Ph) encoding the oncogenic BCR-ABL1 kinase defines a subset of ALL with a particularly unfavorable prognosis. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cells are derived from B cell precursors in most cases and typically carry rearranged immunglobulin heavy chain (IGH) variable (V) region genes devoid of somatic mutations. Somatic hypermutation is restricted to mature germinal center B cells and depends on activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID). Studying AID expression in 108 cases of ALL, we detected AID mRNA in 24 of 28 Ph-positive ALLs as compared to 6 of 80 Ph-negative ALLs. Forced expression of BCR-ABL1 in Ph-negative ALL cells and inhibition of the BCR-ABL1-kinase showed that aberrant expression of AID depends on BCR-ABL1 kinase activity. Consistent with aberrant AID expression in Ph-positive ALL, IGH V region genes and BCL6 were mutated in many Ph-positive but unmutated in most Ph-negative cases. In addition, AID introduced DNA-single-strand breaks within the tumor suppressor gene CDKN2B in Ph-positive ALL cells, which was sensitive to BCR-ABL1 kinase inhibition and silencing of AID expression by RNA interference. These findings identify AID as a BCR-ABL1-induced mutator in Ph-positive ALL cells, which may be relevant with respect to the particularly unfavorable prognosis of this leukemia subset. Experiment Overall Design: To study the gene expression profile of two Ph-positive ALL cell lines (BV173 and SUP-B15) in the presence or absence of 10 μmol/l STI571 for 16 hours
Project description:Activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) specific amplifications and deletions in BCR-ABL1 positive Leukemia mouse cells. Bone marrow from Balb/CJ WT and Balb/CJ AID KO mice was transduced with BCR-ABL1. The AID specific amplifications and deletions where analyzed with an Agilent 244A mouse whole Genome CGH Array. Overall design: The AID specific amplifications and deletions where analyzed with an Agilent 244A mouse whole Genome CGH Array. 3 WT samples where compared to AID KO samples. 1.) WT MIG1_Cy5 vs KO MIG_Cy3 2.) WT MIG2_Cy5 vs KO MIG_Cy3 3.) WT MIG3_Cy5 vs KO MIG_Cy3
Project description:It has been shown that DNA demethylation has a pivotal role in the generation of induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells. However, the underlying mechanism is still unclear. Previous reports indicated that activation-induced cytidine deaminase (Aid) is involved in DNA demethylation in several developmental processes and cell fusion-mediated reprogramming. Based on the reports, we hypothesized that Aid may be involved in DNA demethylation during the iPS cell generation. In this study, we examined the function of Aid in iPS cell generation using Aid knockout (Aid-/-) mice expressing a GFP reporter under the control of a pluripotent stem cell marker, Nanog. By the introduction of Oct3/4, Sox2, Klf4 and c-Myc, Nanog-GFP positive iPS cells could be generated from the fibroblasts and primary B cells of Aid-/- mice. The Aid-/- iPS cells showed normal proliferation and gave rise to chimeras, indicating their capacity for self-renewal and pluripotency. The comprehensive DNA methylation analysis by MBD-sequening demonstrated that there were only a few differences between Aid+/+ and Aid-/- iPS cells. Aid+/+ and Aid-/- iPS colonies were generated from Aid+/+ and Aid-/- MEFs and picked up mechanically. The clones were passaged four times on feeder cells and two times on gelatin-coated dishes to exclude the contamination of feeder cells. Subsequently, the genome was isolated. Four Aid+/+ iPS cell clones and four Aid-/- iPS cell clones were compared. To confirm the validity of MBD-sequencing, four Aid+/+ iPS cell clones were compared with three ES cell clones or three Aid+/+ MEFs.