Project description:Gene content comparison of control C. jejuni subsp. jejuni strain 11168 which colonizes and causes disease in C57BL/6 IL-10-/- mice versus C. jejuni strains D6844, D6845, D6846, D6847, D6848, D6849, D0121, D0835, D2586, D2600,33560 and NW in the C57BL/6 IL-10-/- mice. Keywords: DNA/DNA comparison Overall design: Two genome comparison of disease strain versus non disease strain of C.j., 4 Biological replicates - 2 of which were dye swaps
Project description:Gene content comparison of control C. jejuni subsp. jejuni strain 11168 which colonizes and causes disease in C57BL/6 IL-10-/- mice versus C. jejuni strains D6844, D6845, D6846, D6847, D6848, D6849, D0121, D0835, D2586, D2600,33560 and NW in the C57BL/6 IL-10-/- mice. Keywords: DNA/DNA comparison Two genome comparison of disease strain versus non disease strain of C.j., 4 Biological replicates - 2 of which were dye swaps
Project description:In order to understand the cellular mechanisms that facilitate a surface-associated lifestyle, expression profiles were determined at the levels of transcription and translation for sessile and planktonic Campylobacter jejuni NCTC 11168 (obtained from American Type Culture Collection (ATCC 700819)). These investigations indicate that the immobilized bacteria undergo a shift in cellular priorities away from metabolic, motility and protein synthesis capabilities towards emphasis on iron uptake, oxidative stress defense and membrane transport. Growth in broth was achieved by transferring stock culture to MH broth in tissue culture flasks and incubated microaerobically. Growth on agar was achieved by transferring stock culture onto MH agar plates, spreading the culture to produce a lawn, and incubation microaerobically. Cell densities in both growth conditions increased steadily up to 12 hrs and maximum cell densities were achieved at 18 hrs following which cell death starts to occur. Thus based on the growth curve C. jejuni cells at 16 hrs of incubation were used in all studies.
Project description:During colonization in the host gastrointestinal tract, the enteric bacteria Campylobacter jejuni is exposed to a variety of signaling molecules including the catecholamine hormones epinephrine (Epi) and norepinephrine (NE). NE has been determined to stimulate the growth of C. jejuni as well as increase its pathogenicity. To investigate the mechanisms of NE or Epi on the biology of C. jejuni, the global gene expression profiles of C. jejuni NCTC 11168 cultured in iron-restricted medium were analyzed in response to NE or Epi. Totally, 183 and 156 genes were differentially expressed by NE and Epi respectively, with 102 differentially expressed genes common between the two treatments. These genes are involved in diverse cellular functions including iron uptake systems, motility, virulence, oxidative stress response, nitrosative stress tolerance, enzyme metabolism, DNA repair and metabolism and ribosomal protein biosynthesis. Adherence to and invasion of Caco-2 cells by C. jejuni were enhanced upon exposure to NE or Epi. These results indicated that NE and Epi have similar effects on the gene expression of C. jejuni and that the effects on gene expression may contribute to elucidate the mechanisms on interaction between host and C. jejuni. Transcriptional profiles were analyzed using microarray to compared the epinephrine (Epi) or norepinephrine (NE) treated and untreated Campylobacter jejuni NCTC 11168. NE or Epi treated and untreated cultures of C. jejuni NCTC 11168 were collected at the mid-log phase (～36 h cultures). Three (for NE or Epi treated culture) or four (for untreated control culture) independent biological replicates were performed. Total RNA was extracted using RiboPure™-Bacteria Kit (Ambion, Life Technologies) according to the manufacturer’s instructions. The quality and quantity of total RNA were determined by an Agilent Bioanalyzer 2100. Total RNA was amplified and labeled by Low Input Quick Amp Labeling Kit, One-Color, following the manufacturer’s instructions. Labeled cRNA were purified by RNeasy mini kit (QIAGEN, GmBH, Germany). Each Slide was hybridized with 600ng Cy3-labeled cRNA using Gene Expression Hybridization Kit (Agilent technologies, Santa Clara, CA, US) in Hybridization Oven, according to the manufacturer’s instructions. After 17 hours hybridization, slides were washed in staining dishes with Gene Expression Wash Buffer Kit (Agilent technologies, Santa Clara, CA, US), followed the manufacturer’s instructions. Slides were scanned by Agilent Microarray Scanner with default settings, Dye channel: Green, Scan resolution=5μm, PMT 100%, 10%, 16bit. Data were extracted with Feature Extraction software 10.7. Raw data were normalized by Quantile algorithm, Gene Spring Software 11.0. The genes with fold change ≥ 1.5 and P < 0.05 were selected as differentially expressed.
Project description:Campylobacter, a major foodborne pathogen, is increasingly resistant to macrolide antibibotics. Previous findings suggested that development of macrolide resistance in Campylobacter requires a multi-step process, but the molecular mechanisms involved in the process are not known. In our study, erythromycin-resistant C. jejuni mutant (R) was selected in vitro by stepwise exposure of C. jejuni NCTC11168(S) to increasing concentrations of erythromycin.The resistant were subjected to microarray and the the global transcriptional profile was analyzed. In this series, DNA microarray was used to compare the gene expression profiles of the macrolide-resistant strain with its parent wild-type strain NCTC11168. A large number of gene showed significant changes in R. The up-regulated genes in the resistant strains are involved in miscellaneous periplasmic proteins, efflux protein and putative aminotransferase, while the majority of the down-regulated genes are involved in electron transport, lipoprotein, heat shock protein and unknown function proteins. The over-expression of efflux pump and periplasmic protein was involved in the development of resistance to macrolide in C. jejuni. An eight chip study using total RNA recovered from four separate resistant-type cultures of Erythrocin-resistant Campylobacter jejuni NCTC111168 (R) and four separate cultures of Campylobacter jejuni NCTC111168 (S). Each chip measures the expression level of 1634 genes from Campylobacter jejuni NCTC11168.
Project description:A number of seven proteins were selected during immunoscreening and further analyses. The proteins were in silico divided into overlapping 15-mer oligopeptides with an overlap of 11 residues. The microarrays were incubated with different antibodies to C. jejuni, Escherichia coli and Salmonella enterica. Each microarray was separated into three individual incubation chambers using ProPlate 3-Well modules. Within each incubation chamber, each peptide was spotted in triplicate with the controls spotted nine times each. The controls included human-IgG, rabbit-IgG, mouse-IgG and myelin basal protein (MBP). Each chamber was incubated independently using different polyclonal antibodies to C. jejuni, and for specificity testing, with an antibody to E. coli or S. enterica. Thus, samples 4_1, 4_2, 5_1 and 5_2 represent epitope mapping of three proteins with C. jejuni antibodies, while 6_1, 6_2, 7_1 and 7_2 represent the data after incubation with an E. coli antibody investigating unspecific interactions of the antibody to the potential linear epitopes from C. jejuni. Finally, for four different proteins from C. jejuni, the set two indicated by S2 was performed. Here, S2_6_1, S2_7_1, S2_7_2, S2_8_1 and S2_8_2 indicate epitope mapping after incubation with antibodies to C. jejuni, while the remaining samples were performed to test these latter 4 proteins for specificity by incubation with antibody to S. enterica.
Project description:Oxygen transition experiement. Chemostat initially at steady state under oxygen replete conditions (7.5% oxygen input) was perturbed by a reduction in oxygen input (to 1.88% oxygen input). Samples were taken at the 7.5% oxygen and new 1.88% oxygen steady-states and at various points during the transtion between 7.5% and 1.88% oxygen. Type II experiment Biological replicates: At least 3 of each time point. Three independent transition experiements were performed. All samples were analysed with 7.5% oxygen as the reference. gDNA for Cy3 channel from wild-type strain.
Project description:We report the use of RNA-seq analysis for the determination of RPKM transcript levels in wildtype and fur perR mutant of Campylobacter jejuni NCTC 11168. This allows for comparison of gene expression levels. Campylobacter jejuni NCTC 11168 wildtype and fur perR mutant were grown to late log phase, RNA was purified and used for RNA-sequencing by Illumina HiSeq sequencing
Project description:Erythromycin is the drug of choice to treat campylobacteriosis, but resistance to this antibiotic is rising. The adaptive mechanisms employed by Campylobacter jejuni to erythromycin treatment remain unknown. The aim of this study is to determine the molecular basis underlying Campylobacter’s immediate response to Ery treatment. The design utilized an available two color microarray slide for the entire transcriptome of Campylobacter jejuni wild type strain NCTC 11168. One hybridizations were performed: sham-treated NCTC 11168 v.s. lethal dose erythromycin treated NCTC 11168. Samples were independently grown and harvested. There were three biological replicates of each sample.