Project description:Five Arthrobacter isolates from clinical specimens were studied by phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, and genetic characterization. Two strains had characteristics consistent with those of Arthrobacter oxydans. One strain was related to A. citreus; however, DNA-DNA hybridization and phenotypic characteristics indicated that this strain belongs to a new species, for which the name Arthrobacter luteolus sp. nov. is proposed. Two strains were closely related to A. cumminsii by 16S rRNA gene sequencing, but DNA-DNA hybridization, peptidoglycan type, and some phenotypic features indicated that they should be assigned to a new species, for which the name Arthrobacter albus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of A. luteolus is CF25 (DSM 13067). The type strain of A. albus is CF43 (DSM 13068).
Project description:Arthrobacter phage Scuttle was isolated by enrichment from a dry soil sample (collected in Upper Darby, Pennsylvania) on host Arthrobacter sp. ATCC 21022. The genome of this phage is 43,729 bp long, has a GC content of 61.1%, and has 61 annotated protein-coding genes.
Project description:In previous work in our group, shotgun genome sequencing of Arthrobacter sp. revealed potential new P450 monooxygenases and many other oxidoreductases with putative hydroxylation activity. A targeted approach to identify enzymes involved in the degradation of certain molecules is proteomic analysis. In the case of growth on certain substances, enzymes like P450s, which are responsible for the observed organism’s capabilities, might be overexpressed or initially induced.
Project description:Arthrobacter sp. strain FB24 is a species in the genus Arthrobacter Conn and Dimmick 1947, in the family Micrococcaceae and class Actinobacteria. A number of Arthrobacter genome sequences have been completed because of their important role in soil, especially bioremediation. This isolate is of special interest because it is tolerant to multiple metals and it is extremely resistant to elevated concentrations of chromate. The genome consists of a 4,698,945 bp circular chromosome and three plasmids (96,488, 115,507, and 159,536 bp, a total of 5,070,478 bp), coding 4,536 proteins of which 1,257 are without known function. This genome was sequenced as part of the DOE Joint Genome Institute Program.
Project description:Arthrobacter spp. are very widely distributed in the environment (e.g., soil) but have not been described as causing disease in humans. Over a 6-year period, two reference laboratories isolated or received 11 strains which were eventually identified as belonging to the genus Arthrobacter. These strains had been initially identified as Centers for Disease Control and Prevention coryneform group B-1 and B-3 bacteria (whitishgrayish colonies of 2 mm or greater in diameter after 24 h of incubation, respiratory metabolism, absent or weak acid production from sugars, and hydrolysis of gelatin). However, chemotaxonomic investigations revealed lysine as the diamino acid of the cell wall and the presence of branched cellular fatty acids (with anteiso-pentadecanoic acid predominating) which was compatible with an assignment of the 11 isolates to the genus Arthrobacter only. Peptidoglycan and 16S rRNA gene sequence analyses demonstrated that three of the strains studied were representatives of a new Arthrobacter species for which the name Arthrobacter cumminsii sp. nov. is proposed and that one other strain represented a second new Arthrobacter species for which the name Arthrobacter woluwensis sp. nov. is proposed. This report is the first on the isolation of Arthrobacter spp. from clinical specimens.
Project description:Here, we report the draft genome sequence of Arthrobacter sp. strain ATCC 49987, consisting of three contigs with a total length of 4.4 Mbp. Based on the genome sequence, we suggest reclassification of Arthrobacter sp. strain ATCC 49987 as Pseudarthrobacter sp. strain ATCC 49987.
Project description:We report the draft genome sequence of Arthrobacter sp. strain Edens01, isolated from a leaf surface of a Rosa hybrid plant as part of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute-funded Student Initiated Microbial Discovery (SIMD) project. The genome has a total size of 3,639,179 bp and contig N50 of 454,897 bp.
Project description:BACKGROUND: Bacteria of the genus Arthrobacter are ubiquitous in soil environments and can be considered as true survivalists. Arthrobacter sp. strain Rue61a is an isolate from sewage sludge able to utilize quinaldine (2-methylquinoline) as sole carbon and energy source. The genome provides insight into the molecular basis of the versatility and robustness of this environmental Arthrobacter strain. RESULTS: The genome of Arthrobacter sp. Rue61a consists of a single circular chromosome of 4,736,495?bp with an average G + C content of 62.32%, the circular 231,551-bp plasmid pARUE232, and the linear 112,992-bp plasmid pARUE113 that was already published. Plasmid pARUE232 is proposed to contribute to the resistance of Arthrobacter sp. Rue61a to arsenate and Pb2+, whereas the linear plasmid confers the ability to convert quinaldine to anthranilate. Remarkably, degradation of anthranilate exclusively proceeds via a CoA-thioester pathway. Apart from quinaldine utilization, strain Rue61a has a limited set of aromatic degradation pathways, enabling the utilization of 4-hydroxy-substituted aromatic carboxylic acids, which are characteristic products of lignin depolymerization, via ortho cleavage of protocatechuate. However, 4-hydroxyphenylacetate degradation likely proceeds via meta cleavage of homoprotocatechuate. The genome of strain Rue61a contains numerous genes associated with osmoprotection, and a high number of genes coding for transporters. It encodes a broad spectrum of enzymes for the uptake and utilization of various sugars and organic nitrogen compounds. A. aurescens TC-1 is the closest sequenced relative of strain Rue61a. CONCLUSIONS: The genome of Arthrobacter sp. Rue61a reflects the saprophytic lifestyle and nutritional versatility of the organism and a strong adaptive potential to environmental stress. The circular plasmid pARUE232 and the linear plasmid pARUE113 contribute to heavy metal resistance and to the ability to degrade quinaldine, respectively.
Project description:The Gram-positive soil bacterium Arthrobacter sp. strain TS-15 (DSM 32400), which is capable of metabolizing ephedrine as a sole source of carbon and energy, was isolated. According to 16S rRNA gene sequences and comparative genomic analysis, Arthrobacter sp. TS-15 is closely related to Arthrobacter aurescens Distinct from all known physiological paths, ephedrine metabolism by Arthrobacter sp. TS-15 is initiated by the selective oxidation of the hydroxyl function at the ?-C atom, yielding methcathinone as the primary degradation product. Rational genome mining revealed a gene cluster potentially encoding the novel pathway. Two genes from the cluster, which encoded putative short-chain dehydrogenases, were cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli The obtained enzymes were strictly NAD+ dependent and catalyzed the oxidation of ephedrine to methcathinone. Pseudoephedrine dehydrogenase (PseDH) selectively converted (S,S)-(+)-pseudoephedrine and (S,R)-(+)-ephedrine to (S)- and (R)-methcathinone, respectively. Ephedrine dehydrogenase (EDH) exhibited strict selectivity for the oxidation of the diastereomers (R,S)-(-)-ephedrine and (R,R)-(-)-pseudoephedrine.IMPORTANCE Arthrobacter sp. TS-15 is a newly isolated bacterium with the unique ability to degrade ephedrine isomers. The initiating steps of the novel metabolic pathway are described. Arthrobacter sp. TS-15 and its isolated ephedrine-oxidizing enzymes have potential for use in decontamination and synthetic applications.
Project description:Arthrobacter sp. strain PAO19 is a polyphosphate-accumulating organism isolated from maize rhizosphere soil. Here we report its genome sequence, which may shed light on its role in phosphate removal from water bodies. To our knowledge, this is the first genome announcement of a polyphosphate-accumulating strain of the genus Arthrobacter.