Project description:Ruminiclostridium thermocellum DSM 1313 strain adhE*(EA) expression was studied along with ∆hydG and ∆hydG∆ech mutants strains deposited under GSE54082. All strains have been described in a study entitled Elimination of hydrogenase post-translational modification blocks H2 production and increases ethanol yield in Clostridium thermocellum. Biswas, et .al. Biotechnology for Biofuels 2015 8:20 Ruminiclostridium (Clostridium) thermocellum is a leading candidate organism for implementing a consolidated bioprocessing (CBP) strategy for biofuel production due to its native ability to rapidly consume cellulose and its existing ethanol production pathway. C. thermocellum converts cellulose and cellobiose to lactate, formate, acetate, H2, ethanol, amino acids, and other products. Elimination of the pathways leading to products such as H2 could redirect carbon flux towards ethanol production. Rather than delete each hydrogenase individually, we targeted a hydrogenase maturase gene (hydG), which is involved in converting the three [FeFe] hydrogenase apoenzymes into holoenzymes by assembling the active site. This functionally inactivated all three Fe-Fe hydrogenases simultaneously, as they were unable to make active enzymes. In the ∆hydG mutant, the [NiFe] hydrogenase-encoding ech was also deleted to obtain a mutant that functionally lacks all hydrogenase. The ethanol yield increased nearly 2-fold in ∆hydG∆ech compared to wild type, and H2 production was below the detection limit. Interestingly, ∆hydG and ∆hydG∆ech exhibited improved growth in the presence of acetate in the medium. Transcriptomic and proteomic analysis reveal that genes related to sulfate transport and metabolism were up-regulated in the presence of added acetate in ∆hydG, resulting in altered sulfur metabolism. Further genomic analysis of this strain revealed a mutation in the bi-functional alcohol/aldehyde dehydrogenase adhE gene, resulting in a strain with both NADH- and NADPH-dependent alcohol dehydrogenase activities, whereas the wild type strain can only utilize NADH. This is the exact same adhE mutation found in ethanol-tolerant C. thermocellum strain E50C, but ∆hydG∆ech is not more ethanol tolerant than the wild type. Targeting protein post-translational modification is a promising new approach to target multiple enzymes simultaneously for metabolic engineering. This GEO study pertains to expression profiles generated for C. thermocellum DSM 1313 strain adhE*(EA) Overall design: A six array study using total RNA recovered from Clostridium thermocellum DSM 1313 adhE*(EA) 27405 cultures. Cells were harvested at an OD 0.4-0.5 from cultures grown in the presence of additional 5mM acetate and compared to untreated controls. Three biological replicates were performed for treated and untreated cultures.
Project description:Vongsangnak2008 - Genome-scale metabolic
network of Aspergillus oryzae (iWV1314)
This model is described in the article:
Improved annotation through
genome-scale metabolic modeling of Aspergillus oryzae.
Vongsangnak W, Olsen P, Hansen K,
Krogsgaard S, Nielsen J.
BMC Genomics 2008; 9: 245
BACKGROUND: Since ancient times the filamentous fungus
Aspergillus oryzae has been used in the fermentation industry
for the production of fermented sauces and the production of
industrial enzymes. Recently, the genome sequence of A. oryzae
with 12,074 annotated genes was released but the number of
hypothetical proteins accounted for more than 50% of the
annotated genes. Considering the industrial importance of this
fungus, it is therefore valuable to improve the annotation and
further integrate genomic information with biochemical and
physiological information available for this microorganism and
other related fungi. Here we proposed the gene prediction by
construction of an A. oryzae Expressed Sequence Tag (EST)
library, sequencing and assembly. We enhanced the function
assignment by our developed annotation strategy. The resulting
better annotation was used to reconstruct the metabolic network
leading to a genome scale metabolic model of A. oryzae.
RESULTS: Our assembled EST sequences we identified 1,046 newly
predicted genes in the A. oryzae genome. Furthermore, it was
possible to assign putative protein functions to 398 of the
newly predicted genes. Noteworthy, our annotation strategy
resulted in assignment of new putative functions to 1,469
hypothetical proteins already present in the A. oryzae genome
database. Using the substantially improved annotated genome we
reconstructed the metabolic network of A. oryzae. This network
contains 729 enzymes, 1,314 enzyme-encoding genes, 1,073
metabolites and 1,846 (1,053 unique) biochemical reactions. The
metabolic reactions are compartmentalized into the cytosol, the
mitochondria, the peroxisome and the extracellular space.
Transport steps between the compartments and the extracellular
space represent 281 reactions, of which 161 are unique. The
metabolic model was validated and shown to correctly describe
the phenotypic behavior of A. oryzae grown on different carbon
sources. CONCLUSION: A much enhanced annotation of the A.
oryzae genome was performed and a genome-scale metabolic model
of A. oryzae was reconstructed. The model accurately predicted
the growth and biomass yield on different carbon sources. The
model serves as an important resource for gaining further
insight into our understanding of A. oryzae physiology.
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Project description:This experiment aim was to characterize the catabolism of L-rhamnose of Clostridium beijerinckii DSM 6423 by transcriptomic analysis, generating new insights and knowledge on utilization of L-rhamnose for production of chemicals, including Isopropanol, Butanol, Ethanol (IBE) and 1,2-propandiol. These analysis on cultures grown on L-rhamnose compared to D-glucose grown cultures showed upregulation of the L-rhamnose-related clusters and genes, and lower expression of the solventogenic genes, which was reflected in the products formed.
Project description:Differential RNA-Seq analyses to investigate the basis for metabolic inhibition of Clostridium thermocellum M1570 by xylose. The M1570 strain was developed in the C. thermocellum DSM 1313 Δhpt background strain. Lactate dehydrogenase (Ldh) and phosphotransacetylase (Pta) genes are deleted (Argyros DA, Tripathi SA, Barrett TF, Rogers SR, Feinberg LF, Olson DG, Foden JM, Miller BB, Lynd LR, Hogsett DA, Caiazza NC: High ethanol titers from cellulose by using metabolically engineered thermophilic, anaerobic microbes. Appl Environ Microbiol 2010, 77:8288-8294 ) Overall design: Differential RNA-Seq analyses was used to investigate the basis for metabolic inhibition of Clostridium thermocellum M1570 by xylose. Cultures were grown in serum bottles containing 40 mL of MTC medium with or without 15 g/L xylose and were harvested at mid-exponential phase. Quadruplicate cultures were used for each experimental condition tested.
Project description:Transcription profiling of the DSF regulon in Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo) using wild type and the rpfF mutant. Cell-cell signaling mediated by the quorum sensing molecule known as Diffusible Signaling factor (DSF) is required for virulence of Xanthomonas group of plant pathogens. DSF in different Xanthomonas and the closely related plant pathogen Xylella fastidiosa regulates diverse traits in a strain specific manner. The transcriptional profiling performed in this study is to elucidate the traits regulated by DSF from the Indian isolate of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae, which exhibits traits very different from other Xanthomonas group of plant pathogen. In this study, transcription analysis was done between a wild type Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae strain and an isogenic strain that has a mutation in the DSF biosynthetic gene rpfF. Overall design: Agilent one-color experiment, Organism: Xanthomonas oryzae, Agilent-025096 Genotypic Technology Pvt. Ltd. designed Custom Xanthomonas oryzae 8x15k, Labeling kit: Agilent Quick-Amp labeling Kit (p/n5190-0442).
Project description:We performed RNA-Seq of leaves of Oryza sativa L. ssp. japonica cv. Nipponbare 48 hours after inoculation with Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola strain BLS354, the causal agent of bacterial leaf streak. Results provide insight into the molecular basis of bacterial leaf streak, particularly the role of transcription activator-like effectors in the disease. Examination of mRNA levels in Oryza sativa L. ssp. japonica cv. Nipponbare leaves at 48 hours after inoculation with Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola strain BLS354 with three biological replicates compared to three replicates of mock inoculated O. sativa as the control.
Project description:This study uses iTRAQ based proteomics approach to understand the cellular metabolic machineries present within the Clostridium strain BOH3 (discovered by our group) which can simultaneously utilise both glucose (six carbon sugar) and xylose (five carbon sugar) to produce butanol and riboflavin.
Project description:Transcription profiling of the DSF regulon in Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo) using wild type and the rpfF mutant. Cell-cell signaling mediated by the quorum sensing molecule known as Diffusible Signaling factor (DSF) is required for virulence of Xanthomonas group of plant pathogens. DSF in different Xanthomonas and the closely related plant pathogen Xylella fastidiosa regulates diverse traits in a strain specific manner. The transcriptional profiling performed in this study is to elucidate the traits regulated by DSF from the Indian isolate of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae, which exhibits traits very different from other Xanthomonas group of plant pathogen. In this study, transcription analysis was done between a wild type Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae strain and an isogenic strain that has a mutation in the DSF biosynthetic gene rpfF. Agilent one-color experiment, Organism: Xanthomonas oryzae, Agilent-025096 Genotypic Technology Pvt. Ltd. designed Custom Xanthomonas oryzae 8x15k, Labeling kit: Agilent Quick-Amp labeling Kit (p/n5190-0442).