Dataset Information


Tetranychus urticae secretome - The Salivary Protein Repertoire of the Polyphagous Spider Mite Tetranychus urticae: A Quest for Effectors

ABSTRACT: The two-spotted spider mite Tetranychus urticae is an extreme polyphaguous crop pest. Next to an increased detoxification potential of plant secondary metabolites, it has recently been shown that spider mites manipulate plant defences. Salivary constituents are proposed to play an important role during the interaction with its many hosts. The proteomic composition of saliva delivered into artificial diet by spider mites adapted to various hosts - bean, soy, maize, tomato -was determined using Orbitrap mass spectrometry. Over 200 different proteins were identified, many of unknown function and in numerous cases belonging to multi-membered gene families. A selection of these putative salivary proteins was validated using whole-mount in situ hybridizations and expression was shown to be localized in the anterior and dorsal podocephalic glands of the spider mite. Host-plant dependent expression was evident from the proteomics dataset and was further studied in detail by micro-array based genome wide gene expression profiling of mites maintained on the host plants under study. Previously obtained gene-expression datasets were further used to get more insight in the expression profile over different life stages and physiological states. To conclude, for the first time the T. urticae salivary proteome repertoire was characterized using a custom feeding hemisphere-based enrichment technique. This knowledge will assist in unraveling the molecular interactions between phytophagous mites and their host plants. This may ultimately facilitate the development of mite-resistant crops.


ORGANISM(S): Tetranychus urticae  

TISSUE(S): Saliva

DISEASE(S): Not Available

SUBMITTER: Gerben Menschaert  

LAB HEAD: Gerben Menschaert

PROVIDER: PXD003022 | Pride | 2017-01-17


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The two-spotted spider mite Tetranychus urticae is an extremely polyphagous crop pest. Alongside an unparalleled detoxification potential for plant secondary metabolites, it has recently been shown that spider mites can attenuate or even suppress plant defenses. Salivary constituents, notably effectors, have been proposed to play an important role in manipulating plant defenses and might determine the outcome of plant-mite interactions. Here, the proteomic composition of saliva from T. urticae l  ...[more]

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