ABSTRACT: In this study we experimentally induced thyrotoxicosis in healthy volunteers to explore the effects of thyroxine excess on the plasma proteome. 16 healthy male subjects were sampled at baseline, 4 and 8 weeks under 250 µg/d thyroxine p.o., as well as 4 and 8 weeks after stopping the application.
Determinations of thyrotropin (TSH) and free thyroxine (FT4) represent the gold standard in evaluation of thyroid function. To screen for novel peripheral biomarkers of thyroid function and to characterize FT4-associated physiological signatures in human plasma we used an untargeted OMICS approach in a thyrotoxicosis model.A sample of 16 healthy young men were treated with levothyroxine for 8 weeks and plasma was sampled before the intake was started as well as at two points during treatment and ...[more]
Project description:We established a culture method of human keratinocytes from the bulge region of a plucked hair follicle, that contains multipotent epithelial stem cells with high proliferative potential. Using our method, keratinocyte cultures were successfully obtained from all subjects without invasive skin biopsies. We compared the gene expression profiles between the cultured keratinocytes derived from human hair-follicle-bulge (bulge–derived keratinocytes; BDKs) and neonatal human epidermal keratinocytes (NHEKs), and between BDKs from donors with atopic dermatitis and non-atopic controls using microarray analysis. Keywords: expressin profiling Two cell cultures, BDK vs. NHEK cells. 18 BDKs; derived from eighteen healthy volunteers , 6 NHEKs; purchased from Kurabo (Osaka, Japan). One replicate per array.
Project description:The effect of anti-IL-17 treatment on systemic inflammation is not fully understand. Using cDNA microarray, genomic analysis methods such as GSEA and ingenuity, we characterized the transcriptional changes in the blood of psoriasis patients afer systemic neutralization of IL-17 compared to baseline (before treatment). We also compared the whole blood-derived transcriptome between psoraisis patients at baseline and healthy volunteers to examine systemic inflammation in psoriasis patients. total RNA was extratced from whole blood from psoriasis patients at baseline and after two weeks of treatment; total RNA was extracted from the whole blood of healthy individuals
Project description:In this study, we used gel-free nanoLC-MS/MS-based proteomics to compare the protein profile of B. pertussis wild type and an isogenic hfq defective mutant strain under control an iron limited conditions. We found that Hfq affects the abundance of 302 proteins, which represents 8% of the total B. pertussis coding sequence. The absence of Hfq induced changes in the abundance of proteins involved in metabolic pathways, stress response and virulence. Hfq was also found involved in B. pertussis adaptation to iron starvation, one of the main stresses this pathogen faces inside the host. Altogether, these results indicate that B. pertussis Hfq is involved in bacterial physiological processes as well as bacterial pathogenesis.
Project description:The objective of this study was to compare the transcriptomes of uninfected DH82 cells, a canine histiocytic sarcoma cell line, with DH82 cells, persistently infected with the Onderstepoort strain of canine distemper virus in order to identify effects of canine distemper virus infection upon the transcriptome of this tumor cell line and hereby draw conclusions on possible paramyxovirus-induced oncolytic mechanisms
Project description:The objective of this study was to compare the transcriptomes of uninfected and canine distemper virus-infected Schwann cells, olfactory ensheating cells, central nervous system Schwann cell-like glia, and fibroblasts cultured under identical conditions in vitro.
Project description:Gene expression was studied at the periphery, an intermediate zone, and the centre of wild-type and ∆flbA colonies using Affymetrix A. niger whole genome microarrays. We used Affymetrix GeneChip A. niger Geome Arrays and identifed up- and down-regulated genes that may account for the differences between wild-type and ΔflbA colonies. RNA was isolated from a biological duplicate of concentric zones of 7-day old wildtype and mutant colonies. Zone 1 represented the most central zone, zone 3 an intermediate zone, and zone 5 the peripheral zone. Mycelium of the distinct zones was harvested from three colonies.
Project description:Adipose inflammation is a key component of cardiometabolic disease. We used microarray to profile gene expression changes in adipose tissue following administration of LPS (3ng/kg IV) to healthy human volunteers. Overall design: We obtained subcutaneous adipose biopsies from healthy volunteers at baseline, and at 4-, 12- and 24-hours following evoked endotoxemia (LPS), to examine gene expression changes during inflammation.
Project description:This study aims at identifying genes whose expression at baseline predicts the immune response to seasonal influenza vaccination. Blood samples were collected from healthy volunteers before their vaccination 91 Samples
Project description:Many flowering plants attract pollinators by offering a reward of floral nectar. Remarkably, the molecular events involved in the development of nectaries, the organs that produce nectar, as well as the synthesis and secretion of nectar itself, are poorly understood. Indeed, to date, no genes have been shown to directly affect the de novo production or quality of floral nectar. To address this gap in knowledge, the ATH1 Affymetrix GeneChip array was used to systematically investigate the Arabidopsis nectary transcriptome to identify genes and pathways potentially involved in nectar production. In this study, we identified a large number of genes differentially expressed between secretory lateral nectaries and non-secretory median nectary tissues, as well as between mature lateral nectaries (post-anthessis) and immature lateral nectary tissue (pre-anthesis). Three different types of RNA samples were prepared from Arabidopsis thaliana ecotype Columbia-0 nectaries: mature lateral nectaries (MLN; Stage 14-15 flowers), immature lateral nectaries (ILN, Stage 11-12 flowers), and mature median nectaries (MMN, Stage 14-15 flowers) [developmental stages defined by (Smyth et al., 1990)]. MLN are secretory tissues, whereas, ILN and MMN are pre-secretory and nonsecretory tissues, respectively. All nectary tissues were separately dissected by hand from the flowers of primary inflorescences of ca. 30-35 day-old plants. All plants were grown in soil with a 16h light/8h dark light regimen. Due to the small size of nectaries, dissections took place over several days from 4-8 hours after dawn (h.a.d.).
Project description:Diagnosis of acute respiratory viral infection is currentlybased on clinical symptoms and pathogen detection. Use of host peripheral blood gene expression data to classify individuals with viral respiratory infection represents a novel means of infection diagnosis. We used microarrays to capture peripheral blood gene expression at baseline and time of peak symptoms in healthy volunteers infected intranasally with influenza A H3N2, respiratory syncytial virus or rhinovirus. We determined groups of coexpressed genes that accurately classified symptomatic versus asymptomatic individuals. Overall design: We experimentally inoculated healthy volunteers with intranasal influenza, respiratory syncytial virus or rhinovirus. Symptoms were documented and peripheral blood samples drawn into PAXgene tubes for RNA isolation.