Quantitative Myogenesis C2C12 Proteome with Dimethyl-Labelling
ABSTRACT: The Z-disc is a protein-rich structure critically important for myofibril development and integrity. In order to monitor the quantiative changes in C2C12 myoblast during myogenesis, a quantitative dimethyl-labelling approach was performed with d0 myoblasts, d5 myotubes and electrical puls stimulated d5 myotubes.
The Z-disc is a protein-rich structure critically important for the development and integrity of myofibrils, which are the contractile organelles of cross-striated muscle cells. We here used mouse C2C12 myoblast, which were differentiated into myotubes, followed by electrical pulse stimulation (EPS) to generate contracting myotubes comprising mature Z-discs. Using a quantitative proteomics approach, we found significant changes in the relative abundance of 387 proteins in myoblasts versus differ ...[more]
Project description:By applying ChIP-seq, we generated genome-wide maps of YY1 in skeletal myoblasts and myotubes. We found that YY1 binds to 1820 confident target with a large portion residing in the intergenic regions. In addition, YY1 was found to activate many loci, and there is no significant overlap between YY1 and Ezh2 targets, suggensting a Ezh2-independent manner. Further detailed study revealed that YY1 can regulate some lincRNAs which are fucntional in skeletal myogenesis. In this study, we identified a YY1-Yam-1-miR-715 (TF-lincRNA-miRNA) regulatory curcuit in myogensis. Examination of YY1 targets in myoblast versus myotubes
Project description:This analysis compares various timepoints from Day -1, 50% confluency myoblasts to Day 5 post differentiation myotubes. Consecutive timepoints and myoblasts vs. myotubes are compared. Experiment Overall Design: 8 time points from Day -1 to Day 5, three replicates for each time point.
Project description:We used high throughput sequencing to analyze the transcriptional profiling of myotubes. By comparing the transcriptional profiling of myotubes with or without H19 knockdown,1131 genes or transcripts were found at least 1.5-fold up-regulated in siH19 relative to siCon cells, meanwhile 508 genes or transcripts were found at least 1.5-fold down-regulated in siH19 over siCon cells. 40h following initiation of differentiation, myotubes were transfected with either control siRNA or siH19. 48h later after transfection, total RNA was extracted for library preparation and RNA-seq analysis to compare trancript profiles between siCon and siH19 cells.
Project description:In order to understand how Sox6 coordinately regulates the transcription of multiple fiber type specific genes during muscle development, we have performed ChIP-seq analyses to identify Sox6 target genes as well as RNA polymerase II (Pol II) binding sites in mouse fetal myotubes. Examination of Sox6 and Pol II binding sites in mouse fetal primary myotubes
Project description:We used Methyl-MiniSeq platform from Zymo Research company to identify genome-wide methylation changes affected by lncRNA H19 knockdown in myotubes. Following H19 knockdown, we observed extensive genome-wide mthylation pattern changes relative to siCon cells, with some genes showing incresed methylation, others showing decreased methylation, and a third group with no significant change. Myotubes differentiated from mouse C3H myoblasts were transfected with either control siRNA or siH19, 48h later, cellular genomic DNA was extracted and subjected to genome-scale DNA methylation mapping using the platform of an improved version of Reduced Representation Bisulfite Sequencing (RRBS).
Project description:The Z-disc is a protein-rich structure critically important for myofibril development and integrity. Since a role of the Z-disc for signal integration and transduction was recently suggested, its precise phosphorylation landscape warranted in-depth analysis. We therefore established a site-resolved protein phosphorylation map of the Z-disc in skeletal myocytes and found that it is a phosphorylation hotspot in living cells, underscoring its functions in signalling and disease-related processes. In an exemplary fashion, we analysed the actin-binding multi-adaptor protein filamin C (FLNc), which is essential for Z-disc assembly and maintenance, and found that PKC phosphorylation at distinct serine residues in its hinge 2 region prevents its cleavage at an adjacent tyrosine residue by calpain 1. With this quantitative in vivo kinase assay, we show that the phosphorylation site S2625 in mouse FLNc is significantly down-regulated upon treatment of C2C12 myotubes with the PKCα inhibitor Gö6976.
Project description:Transcriptom profiling performed on myotubes derived from 3 patients carrying two recessively-inherited mutations in LPIN1 gene and 3 age and sex matched controls with or without TNF-alpha plus IL-1-beta stimulation for 24h.
Project description:Nrf2 (NF-E2-related-factor-2) contributes to the maintenance of glucose homeostasis in vivo. Nrf2 suppresses blood glucose levels by protecting pancreatic β-cells from oxidative stress and improving peripheral tissue glucose utilization. To elucidate the molecular mechanisms by which Nrf2 contributes to the maintenance of glucose homeostasis, we generated skeletal muscle (SkM)-specific Keap1-knockout (Keap1MuKO) mice that express abundant Nrf2 in SkM and then examined Nrf2-target gene expression in this tissue. In Keap1MuKO mice, blood glucose levels were significantly downregulated, and the levels of glycogen branching enzyme (Gbe1) mRNA, along with those of glycogen branching enzyme (GBE) protein, were significantly upregulated in mouse SkM. Consistent with this result, chemical Nrf2-inducers promoted Gbe1 mRNA expression in both mouse SkM and C2C12 myotubes. Chromatin-immunoprecipitation analysis demonstrated that Nrf2 binds the Gbe1 upstream promoter regions. In Keap1MuKO mice, muscle glycogen content was strongly reduced, and forced GBE expression in C2C12 myotubes promoted glucose uptake. Therefore, our results demonstrate that Nrf2-induction in SkM increases GBE expression and reduces muscle glycogen content, resulting in improved glucose tolerance. Chromatin occupancy of Nrf2 under CDDO-Im-treated condition were generated by deep sequencing, in dupliplicate