Comparative proteomic analysis of kidney distal convoluted tubule and cortical collecting duct cells following long-term hormonal stimulation
ABSTRACT: The distal convoluted tubule (DCT) and the cortical collecting ducts (CCD) are portions of renal tubule that are partly responsible for maintaining the systemic concentrations of potassium, sodium, calcium and magnesium. Despite being structurally similar, DCT and CCD cells have different transport capabilities due to a variety of different membrane-associated transport proteins. However, DCT and CCD cells appear to be modulated via the same hormones. The objective of this study was assess the differential response of DCT and CCD cells to long-term exposure to the hormones vasopressin or angiotensin II, both of which modulate DCT and CCD cells differently. Mass spectrometry based quantitative proteomics was used to profile the differential proteome between DCT and CCD.
Project description:In order to characterize gene expression networks linked to AT1 angiotensin receptors in the kidney, we carried out genome-wide transcriptional analysis of RNA from kidneys of wild-type (WT) and AT1A receptor-deficient mice (KOs) at baseline and after 2 days of angiotensin II infusion (1 ug/kg/min), using Affymetrix GeneChip Mouse Genome 430 2.0 Arrays. At baseline, 405 genes were differentially expressed (>1.5X) between WT and KO kidneys. Of these, more than 80% were up-regulated in the KO group including genes involved in inflammation, oxidative stress, and cell proliferation. After 2 days of angiotensin II infusion in WT mice, expression of ~805 genes was altered (18% up-regulated, 82% repressed). Genes in metabolism and ion transport pathways were up-regulated while there was attenuated expression of protective genes against oxidative stress including glutathione synthetase and mitochondrial SOD2. Angiotensin II infusion has little effect on blood pressure in KOs. Nonetheless, expression of more than 250 genes was altered in kidneys from KO mice during angiotensin II infusion; 14% were up-regulated, while 86% were repressed including genes involved in immune responses, angiogenesis, and glutathione metabolism. Between WT and KO kidneys during angiotensin II infusion, 728 genes were differentially expressed; 10% were increased and 90% were decreased in the WT group. Differentially regulated pathways included those involved in ion transport, immune responses, metabolism, apoptosis, cell proliferation, and oxidative stress. This genome-wide assessment should facilitate identification of critical distal pathways linked to blood pressure regulation. To define gene expression patterns in kidney triggered by of activation AT1 receptors, we used genome-wide transcriptional analysis of RNA from kidneys of wild-type and AT1A receptor-deficient mice at baseline and after 2 days of angiotensin II infusion (1 ug/kg/min), using Affymetrix GeneChip Mouse Genome 430 2.0 Arrays. All of the experiments were conducted with male mice 2.5 months old and included 3 mice per experimental group. Synthesis of cRNA, hybridization and scanning of chips were conducted by Duke University microarray core facility (Duke University, Durham, NC).
Project description:The Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent kinase II is expressed in smooth muscle and believed to mediate intracellular calcium handling and calcium-dependent gene transcription. CaMKII is activated by Angiotensin-II. The multifunctional calcium/calmodulin-dependent kinase II (CaMKII) is activated by Angiotensin-II (Ang-II) in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC), but its impact on hypertension remains unknown. In our transgenic mice that express the inhibitor peptide CaMKIIN in smooth muscle (TG SM-CaMKIIN), the blood pressure response to chronic Ang-II infusion was significantly reduced as compared to littermate controls. Surprisingly, examination of blood pressure and heart rate under ganglionic blockade revealed a key role for VSMC CaMKII in efferent sympathetic outflow in response to Ang II hypertension. Consistently, the efferent splanchnic nerve activity and plasma phenylephrine concentrations were significantly lower in TG SM-CaMKIIN mice as compared to littermates. Moreover, the aortic depressor nerve activity was reset in hypertensive wild type animals, but not in TG SM-CaMKIIN mice, suggesting that changes in baroreceptor wall activity may be responsible for the blood pressure difference in Ang-II hypertension. The pulse wave velocity, a measure of vascular wall stiffness in vivo, was increased in aortas of hypertensive compared to normotensive WT animals. However, Ang-II infusion did not alter the pulse wave velocity in transgenic mice, suggesting that CaMKII in VSMC controls structural smooth muscle genes. Accordingly, analysis of gene expression changes in aortas from wild type and TG SM-CaMKIIN hypertensive mice demonstrated that CaMKII inhibition mainly altered the expression of muscle contractile proteins. In contrast, TG SM-CaMKIIN aortas were protected from the Ang-II induced upregulation of genes linked to proliferation, suggesting that CaMKII inhibition prevents the Ang-II-induced reprogramming of smooth muscle cell gene expression towards a proliferative phenotype. 5 WT C57Bl/6 and 5 mice that express the Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent kinase II peptide inhibitor CaMKIIN in smooth muscle only (TG SM-CaMKIIN) were infused with 1.25 ug/kg/min Angiotensin-II by osmotic minipump for 14 days. 5 WT and 5 transgenic mice infused with normal saline served as controls. The mice were sacrificed on day 14 and the thoracic aortas isolated. RNA was isolated and pooled for the following groups: WT (wild type), C (TG SM-CaMKIIN), WT-A (WT with Angiotensin-II), C-A (TG SM-CaMKIIN + Angiotensin-II)
Project description:To assess differential gene expression by APOL1 renal-risk (2 risk alleles) vs. non-risk (G0G0) genotypes in primary proximal tubule cells (PTCs), global gene expression (mRNA) levels were examined on Affymetrix HTA 2.0 arrays in primary PTCs cultured from non-diseased kidney in African Americans without CKD who underwent nephrectomy for localized renal cell carcinoma. To detect differentially expressed gene profiles attributable to APOL1 renal-risk genotypes, African American primary proximal tubule cells with two APOL1 renal-risk alleles (N=5) and lacking renal-risk alleles (N=25) were included in comparisons of global gene expression.
Project description:This group consist of human embryologists from the reproductive medical center for of the 1st affiliated hospital of Anhui Medical University. Our research is specifically focused on women ovarian reserve and the relevant female infertility. By deep sequencing, the current experiment determined the small non-coding RNA profile of cumulus cells from patients with or without diminished ovarian reserve undergoing controlled ovarian stimulation and in vitro fertilization treatment. Ovarian follicles, which are a densely-packed shell of granulosa cells that contains an immature or mature oocyte, are above all responsible for the development, maturation, and release of mature egg for fertilization. They are also responsible for synthesizing and secreting hormones that are essential for follicular development, menstrual and estrous cycle, maintenance of the reproductive tracts and their functions, development of female secondary sex characteristics, and metabolism. During folliculogenesis, ovarian granulosa cells surrounding the oocyte differentiate into mural granulosa cells, involved in gonadal steroidogenesis, and into cumulus cells, which are ovulated with the oocyte at ovulation. In the present study, we described the small non-coding RNA expression profile to characterize the ensemble of both known and novel ncRNAs expressed in cumulus cells from patients with or without Diminished ovarian reserve, by using high-throughput Solexa technology.
Project description:Angiotensin II (Ang II) mediated signaling plays a key role in the development of hypertension associated target organ damages. However, the gene expression changes regulated by Ang II in the early stage of acute cerebral, cardiac, renal, vascular injury remain unclear. we investigated Ang II–mediated gene expression alteration associated with the development of early cerebral, cardiac, renal, vascular injury by microarray assay in a mouse model. All mice were euthanized by an overdose of pentobarbital on days 1, 3 and 7 of Angiotensin II treatment. Total RNA was isolated with TRIzol (Invitrogen) from brains, hearts, kidneys and vessels (n=1-3 per group) at each time point according to manufacturer’s instructions. Gene expression profiling was performed using Affymetrix GeneChip mouse Genome 430 2.0 array according to the manufacturer’s instructions (Affymetrix, Inc., Santa Clara, CA). On the GeneChip Mouse Genome 430 2.0 Array, over 45,000 probe sets analyze the expression level of over 39,000 transcripts and variants from over 34,000 well characterized mouse genes.
Project description:Analysis of HeLa cells at 24 hours after transfection with wild type miR-1, miR-124, miR-181 versus control transfected HeLa cells. Results were compared to protein down-regulation at 48 hours measured by SILAC-MS. Analysis of HeLa cells at 24 hours after transfection with wild type miR-1, miR-124, miR-181 versus control transfected HeLa cells. Results were compared to protein down-regulation at 48 hours measured by SILAC-MS.
Project description:Background: Gq-coupled G protein-coupled receptors (GPCR) mediate the actions of a variety of messengers that are key regulators of cardiovascular function. Enhanced Gaq-mediated signaling plays an important role in cardiac hypertrophy and in the transition to heart failure. We have recently described that Gaq acts as an adaptor protein that facilitates PKCz-mediated activation of ERK5 in epithelial cells. Since the ERK5 cascade is known to be involved in cardiac hypertrophy, we have investigated the potential relevance of this pathway in Gq-dependent signaling in cardiac cells. Methodology/Principal Findings: We have explored the mechanisms involved in Gq-coupled GPCR-mediated stimulation of the ERK5 pathway and its functional consequences in cardiac hypertrophy using both cultured cardiac cells and an animal model of angiotensin- dependent induction of cardiac hypertrophy in wild-type and PKCz knockout mice. We find that PKCζ is required for the activation of the ERK5 pathway by Gq-coupled GPCR in cardiomyocytes and in cardiac fibroblasts. Stimulation of ERK5 by angiotensin II is blocked upon pharmacological inhibition or siRNA-mediated silencing of PKCz in primary cultures of cardiac cells and in cardiomyocytes isolated from PKCz-deficient mice. Moreover, these mice do not develop cardiac hypertrophy upon chronic challenge with angiotensin II, as assessed by morphological, biomarker, electrocardiographic and global gene expression pattern analysis. Conclusion/Significance: Our data put forward that PKCζ is essential for Gq- dependent ERK5 activation in cardiac cells and indicate a key cardiac physiological role for this recently described Gaq/PKCz/MEK5 signaling axis. Littermate wild-type and PKCz -/- male mice (32 weeks of age) were subjected to continuous infusion of angiotensin II (or PBS as a control) for 14 days, a well established model for the induction of cardiac hypertrohy
Project description:To annotate the regulatory elements in the renal tubule epithelial cells, we profiled 6 histone ChIP-seq in the human kidney epithelical cells (HKC8). We pulled down the DNA with specific antibodies of interests against histone tail modifications in the human rebal tubule epithelial cells. The result can be interpretated with ChromHMM for different states.
Project description:Poorly defined adaptive processes maintain salt balance when the renal thiazide-sensitive sodium-chloride cotransporter is inhibited, limiting diuretic efficacy. Here, we identify underlying mechanisms in SPAK kinase null mice, which are unable to phospho-activate NCC. Global transcriptional profiling, combined with biochemical, cell biological and physiological phenotyping, identified the gene expression signature of the response, and revealed how it establishes a new adaptive physiology. Salt reabsorption pathways are created by the coordinate induction of a multi-gene transport system, involving solute carriers (Slc26a; Slc4a8; Slc4a9), carbonic anhydrase isoforms, and V-type H+-ATPase subunits in pendrin-positive intercalated cells (PP-IC), and ENaC subunits in principal cells. A distal nephron remodeling process and induction of Jagged 1-Notch signaling, which expands the cortical connecting tubule with principal cells and replaces acid-secreting α- intercalated cells with PP-IC, is partly responsible. Salt reabsorption is also activated by induction of an alpha-ketoglutarate (α-KG) paracrine signaling system. Coordinate regulation of a multigene α-KG synthesis and transport pathway cause α-KG to be secreted into the pro-urine as the α-KG activated GPCR (Oxgr1) increases on the PP-IC apical surface, allowing paracrine delivery of α-KG to stimulate salt transport. Identification of the integrated compensatory NaCl reabsorption mechanisms provides new insights into thiazide diuretic efficacy. Gene transcrtipt isolated form the renal cortex of 4 SPAK KO and 4 litter-mate WT animals was compared to evaluate differential gene expression with the goal of identifing a nextwork of genes that function cooperatively compensatory to mitigate renal salt loss when the SPAK function is lost.
Project description:We are human embryologists from center for reproductive medicinel of Anhui Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Anhui Medical University, and we have the expertise to do all that properly in humans. By deep sequencing, the current experiment determined the miRNA profile of two intrafollicular somatic cell types: CRCs and COCs, isolated from women undergoing controlled ovarian stimulation and in vitro fertilization treatment. Ovarian follicles, which are a densely-packed shell of granulosa cells that contains an immature or mature oocyte, are above all responsible for the development, maturation, and release of mature egg for fertilization. They are also responsible for synthesizing and secreting hormones that are essential for follicular development, menstrual and estrous cycle, maintenance of the reproductive tracts and their functions, development of female secondary sex characteristics, and metabolism. During folliculogenesis, ovarian granulosa cells surrounding the oocyte differentiate into mural granulosa cells, involved in gonadal steroidogenesis, and into cumulus cells, which are ovulated with the oocyte at ovulation. These cumulus cells derive from the same population of early follicles, but differentiate into two distinct groups of cells: 1) Those directly lie on the zona pellucida are composed of the so called corona radiata cells.(CRCs) 2) The other group surrounds the CRCs and consists of more numerous cells, forming the so called cumulus oophorus cells (COCs). In the present study, we described the miRNA expression profile to characterize the ensemble of both known and novel miRNAs expressed in CRCs, as well as in COCs, by using high-throughput Solexa technology.