Comparative proteomic analysis of kidney distal convoluted tubule and cortical collecting duct cells following long-term hormonal stimulation
ABSTRACT: The distal convoluted tubule (DCT) and the cortical collecting ducts (CCD) are portions of renal tubule that are partly responsible for maintaining the systemic concentrations of potassium, sodium, calcium and magnesium. Despite being structurally similar, DCT and CCD cells have different transport capabilities due to a variety of different membrane-associated transport proteins. However, DCT and CCD cells appear to be modulated via the same hormones. The objective of this study was assess the differential response of DCT and CCD cells to long-term exposure to the hormones vasopressin or angiotensin II, both of which modulate DCT and CCD cells differently. Mass spectrometry based quantitative proteomics was used to profile the differential proteome between DCT and CCD.
Project description:This is an affymetrix array experiment comparing the transcriptome of the Malpighian tubule (or renal tubule) of 7-day adult Oregon R strain Drosophila melanogaster with matched whole fly samples. It is described in:,Wang, J., Kean, L., Yang, J., Allan, A. K., Davies, S. A., Herzyk, P. and Dow, J. A. T. (2004). Function-informed transcriptome analysis of Drosophila renal tubule. Genome Biol. In press.,There are five tubule samples (each derived from approx 1000 tubules (!)), and 5 matched whole-fly samples. i.e. tubule 2 is dissected from the same vial as WholeFly2.,As the tubule is probably the premier tissue for true physiology in Drosophila, the dataset can usefully be interrogated in conjunction with the detailed physiological understanding of the tissue: see,http://fly.to/tubules
Project description:Aim of the study was to characterize the transcriptional response of human primary renal proximal tubule endothelial cells (RPTEC) to low oxygen stress. Experiment Overall Design: Passage 4 renal proximal tubule epithelial cells were exposed to a humidified atmosphere consisting of either 5% CO2 and 95% air (20% O2, normoxia) or 5% CO2, 1% oxygen and 95% nitrogen (hypoxia) for 24 hours. Total RNA was extracted immediately after exposure. Three independent biological replicates were performed, resulting in 6 samples (3 control and 3 low oxygen).
Project description:Hepatocyte growth factor-induced three-dimensional tubulogenesis (3D) is a simple and highly controllable system for studying epithelial tubule initiation and maintenance. However, due to its limited efficiency and asynchronous development, isolating genes associated with specific morphological changes observed during tubule formation has been unfeasible. Here we report a significantly enhanced in vitro culture method called 2.5-dimensional tubulogenesis (2.5D). Detailed image analysis of 2.5D has revealed morphologically distinct stages -- monolayer, extension, and tubule -- and finds that these stages display in a highly synchronized manner. Using time-course transcriptional profiling, we collected genes whose expression changes specifically associate with extension and tubule stage. Time-course microarrays to identify genes whose temporal regulation is associated with extension and tubule stages. Four biological replicates for each stage (monolayer, extension, and tubule).
2010-12-24 | E-GEOD-25514 | ArrayExpress
Project description:human Distal convoluted tubule with Vpr
Project description:We would like to know the gene expression pattern in absence of transcription factor GATA2 in adult renal collecting duct We used Gata2 flox::Pax8-rtTA::Tet-Cre to make a doxycycline induced Gata2 renal tubule cell specific knockout mice We performed microarray analyses using DBA-lectin and magnetic beads purifed collecting duct cells from WT (n=3) or Gata2 CKO mice (n=3) at 4-weeks after doxycycline induction
Project description:The renal distal convoluted tubule DCT is a short part of the distal nephron with specific functions transporting ions and thereby modifying Na, Ca, Mg, K balance A transcriptomic analysis of the DCT was performed to identify specific gene expression which would implicate those genes in specific DCT function Fluorescent DCT (EGFP+) were sorted out from a renal tubule suspension by a COPAS (Complex Object Parametric analyser and sorter). EGFP- and the total (ALL) fractions were also sorted by COPAS. Gene expression for each fractions (EGFP+, EGFP-, ALL) was performed in 4 mice
Project description:Target gene of mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) is comparatively unknown, although distal convoluted tubule (DCT) expresses MR in in vivo. We used microarray and immortalized murine DCT cell-line overexpressing human MR with treatment of aldosterone to elucidate target genes of MR in DCT. mDCT overexpresses human MR by lipofection and is treated for 3 hours with ethanol (g1), or 10^-9 M aldosterone (g2), or 10^-7 M aldosterone (g3), or 10^-7 M aldosterone with pretreatment of 5 x 10^-6 M spironolactone (g4) for 2 hours.
Project description:In vitro studies identified TBC1D4 as an regulator of renal ion and water transporting proteins. However, TBC1D4-deficient mice did not show a defective renal salt and water homeostasis. With microarray analysis we aimed to decipher compensatory mechanisms in TBC1D4-deficient mice which might mask the renal phenotype already on transciptomic levels. We used and compared mRNA of COPAS-sorted and -enriched distal convoluted tubule (DCT)-cells, known to express TBC1D4 at high levels, of 8-week old male homogenous C57/Bl6 mice of TBC1D4-deficient and wild-type mice.
Project description:Renal excretion of water and major electrolytes exhibits a significant circadian rhythm. This functional periodicity is believed to result, at least in part, from circadian changes in secretion/reabsorption capacities of the distal nephron and collecting ducts. Here, we studied the molecular mechanisms underlying circadian rhythms in the distal nephron segments, i.e. distal convoluted tubule (DCT) and connecting tubule (CNT) and, the cortical collecting duct (CCD). Temporal expression analysis performed on microdissected mouse DCT/CNT or CCD revealed a marked circadian rhythmicity in the expression of a large number of genes crucially involved in various homeostatic functions of the kidney. This analysis also revealed that both DCT/CNT and CCD possess an intrinsic circadian timing system characterized by robust oscillations in the expression of circadian core clock genes (clock, bma11, npas2, per, cry, nr1d1) and clock-controlled Par bZip transcriptional factors dbp, hlf and tef. The clock knockout mice or mice devoid of dbp/hlf/tef (triple knockout) exhibit significant changes in renal expression of several key regulators of water or sodium balance (vasopressin V2 receptor, aquaporin-2, aquaporin-4, alphaENaC). Functionally, the loss of clock leads to a complex phenotype characterized by partial diabetes insipidus, dysregulation of sodium excretion rhythms and a significant decrease in blood pressure. Collectively, this study uncovers a major role of molecular clock in renal function. Keywords: time course Overall design: We examined the temporal profiles of gene expression in mouse distal nephron segments and collecting ducts. The RNA was extracted from microdissected distal convoluted tubules and connecting tubules (DCT/CNT samples) or, cortical collecting ducts (CCD samples). Animals were sacrificed for microdissection every 4 hours, i.e. at ZT0, ZT4, ZT8, ZT12, ZT16 and ZT20 (ZT – Zeitgeber (circadian) time, indicates time of light-on as ZT0 and time of light-off as ZT12). The microarray hybridization was performed in duplicates on two pools of RNA composed of equivalent amounts of RNA prepared from five animals at each ZT time-point.
Project description:The kidney distal convoluted tubule (DCT) plays an important role in body sodium regulation and thus control of blood pressure. The main sodium reabsorption pathways in the DCT are the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) and the thiazide-sensitive NaCl cotransporter (NCC), the functions of which can be modulated by the hormone vasopressin (VP) acting via uncharacterized signaling cascades. We performed large scale stable isotope labeling by amino acids in cell culture (SILAC) based quantitative phosphoproteomics of cultured mouse DCT cells (mpkDCT) to map global changes in protein phosphorylation events upon acute treatment with the VP type II receptor agonist 1-desamino-8-D-arginine vasopressin (dDAVP). The aim of this study is to identify unique VP signaling cascades in DCT cells that may be important for regulating ENaC or NCC activity. These pathways may be novel targets for modulation of blood pressure.