Dataset Information


KMT9 writes the histone mark H4K12me1 and controls metabolism and proliferation of castration-resistant prostate cancer cells

ABSTRACT: Posttranslational modifications of histones such as methylation regulate chromatin structure and gene expression. Methylation of histone lysine residues is generally performed by SET domain methyltransferases. Here, we identify the heterodimeric C21orf127/TRMT112 complex as a specific histone methyltransferase. Assembly of the seven-b-strand protein C21orf127 (also named Hemk2, N6amt1 or PrmC) with TRMT112 is essential to form an active enzyme, hereafter named KMT9 that writes the histone mark H4K12me1 in vitro and in vivo. The H4K12me1 mark is enriched at promoters of KMT9 target genes and co-localises with the active histone mark H4K12ac. By controlling expression of genes involved in energy metabolism, KMT9 regulates oxidative phosphorylation in androgen receptor-dependent and -independent prostate tumour cells. Importantly, KMT9 depletion severely affects proliferation of castration and enzalutamide-resistant prostate cancer cells and xenograft tumours. Together, our data link the writing of the H4K12me1 histone mark by KMT9 with KMT9-dependent gene expression, which in consequence regulates energy metabolism and proliferation. KMT9 executes these functions independently of androgen receptor and androgen signalling thus, providing a promising paradigm for the treatment of castration resistant prostate cancer.


ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

TISSUE(S): Tissue Not Applicable To Dataset

DISEASE(S): Prostate Cancer

SUBMITTER: Andreas Schmidt  

LAB HEAD: Axel Imhof

PROVIDER: PXD008965 | Pride | 2019-03-11


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