Proteomics

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Cxorf67-FLAG co-immunoprecipitation analysis from 293T cells


ABSTRACT: The regulation of gene expression is controlled in part by post-translational modifications to histone proteins. Methylation at histone H3, lysine 27 (H3K27), which is catalyzed by Polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2), is associated with silenced chromatin. Previous studies have identified dysregulation of H3K27 methylation in pediatric diffuse intrinsic pontine gliomas (DIPGs), the majority of which feature mutation of lysine 27 to methionine. This “oncohistone” potently inhibits PRC2 activity and leads to a global reduction in H3K27 methylation. Similar to DIPG, posterior fossa type A (PFA) ependymomas also show low levels of H3K27 methylation. Although PFAs do not possess the H3K27M oncohistone mutation, they do show increased expression of Cxorf67. Interestingly, Cxorf67 contains a C-terminal sequence that resembles the sequence surrounding H3K27, and we find that this portion of Cxorf67 inhibits PRC2 activity to an even greater extent than the H3K27M oncohistone. Thus, we suggest re-naming Cxorf67 as EZHIP (Enhancer of Zeste Homologs Inhibitory Protein). Furthermore, when expressed in 293T cells, Cxorf67 interacts with several members of PRC2 and induces changes in H3K27 methylation patterns that mirror the changes in H3K27 methylation induced by expression of H3K27M. We propose that PFAs have dysregulated H3K27 methylation by a mechanism that involves inhibition of PRC2 by Cxorf67, which could drive tumorigenesis.

INSTRUMENT(S): Orbitrap Fusion

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

TISSUE(S): Cell Culture

DISEASE(S): Not Available

SUBMITTER: Peder Lund  

LAB HEAD: Benjamin A. Garcia

PROVIDER: PXD013390 | Pride | 2019-04-09

REPOSITORIES: pride

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