Proteomics

Dataset Information

1

O-Acetylated chemical reporters of glycosylation can display metabolism-dependent background labeling of proteins but are generally reliable tools for the identification of glycoproteins


ABSTRACT: Monosaccharide analogs bearing bioorthogonal functionalities, or metabolic chemical reporters (MCRs) of glycosylation, have been used for approximately two decades for the visualization and identification of different glycoproteins. More recently, proteomics analyses have shown that per-O-acetylated MCRs can directly and chemically react with cysteine residues in lysates and potentially cells, drawing into question the physiological relevance of the labeling. Here, we report robust cellular labeling by Ac42AzMan but not the structurally-similar Ac44AzGal. However, the levels of background chemical-labeling of cell lysates by both reporters are low and identical. We then characterized Ac42AzMan labeling and found that the vast majority of the labeling occurs on intracellular proteins but that this MCR is not converted to previously characterized reporters of intracellular O-GlcNAc modification. Additionally, we used IsoTag proteomics to show that essentially all of the Ac42AzMan labeling is on cysteine residues. Given the implications this result has for the identification of intracellular O-GlcNAc modifications using MCRs, we then performed a meta-analysis of the potential O-GlcNAcylated proteins identified by different techniques. We found that many of the proteins identified by MCRs have also been found by other methods. Finally, we randomly selected four proteins that had only been characterized as O-GlcNAcylated by MCRs and showed that half of them were indeed modified.

INSTRUMENT(S): Orbitrap Fusion Lumos

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

TISSUE(S): Lung

DISEASE(S): Not Available

SUBMITTER: Christina Woo  

LAB HEAD: Christina Woo

PROVIDER: PXD016217 | Pride | 2020-04-01

REPOSITORIES: Pride

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Publications

O-Acetylated Chemical Reporters of Glycosylation Can Display Metabolism-Dependent Background Labeling of Proteins but Are Generally Reliable Tools for the Identification of Glycoproteins.

Darabedian Narek N   Yang Bo B   Ding Richie R   Cutolo Giuliano G   Zaro Balyn W BW   Woo Christina M CM   Pratt Matthew R MR  

Frontiers in chemistry 20200428


Monosaccharide analogs bearing bioorthogonal functionalities, or metabolic chemical reporters (MCRs) of glycosylation, have been used for approximately two decades for the visualization and identification of different glycoproteins. More recently, proteomics analyses have shown that per-<i>O</i>-acetylated MCRs can directly and chemically react with cysteine residues in lysates and potentially cells, drawing into question the physiological relevance of the labeling. Here, we report robust metabo  ...[more]

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