Project description:Heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding (G) proteins are composed of Gα, Gβ, and Gγ subunits, and function as molecular switches in signal transduction. In Arabidopsis thaliana there are one canonical Gα (GPA1), three extra-large Gα (XLG1, XLG2 and XLG3), one Gβ (AGB1) and three Gγ (AGG1, AGG2 and AGG3) subunits. To elucidate AGB1 molecular signaling, we performed immunoprecipitation using plasma membrane enriched proteins followed by mass spectrometry to identify the protein interactors of AGB1. After eliminating proteins present in the control immunoprecipitation, commonly identified contaminants, and organellar proteins, a total of 103 candidate AGB1-associated proteins were confidently identified. We identified all of the G protein subunits except XLG1, receptor-like kinases (RLKs), Ca2+ signaling related proteins and 14-3-3-like proteins, all of which may couple with or modulate G protein signaling.
Project description:The PTS system is a central regulatory cascade in bacteria. Here, Vibrio cholerae PTS role was investagated during biofilm formation Analysis used wild type MO10 cells as control samples for comparison to the delta PTS strain. Strains were grown as planktonic (sample 1) or surface attached cells (sample 2). Experiment was done in triplicate with dye swap, which represent 6 independent microarray hybridizations.
Project description:The WIN site of WDR5 is a druggable pocket that impairs WDR5 protein function and carries therapeutic potential for treating cancer. This study evaluates the protein interactions affected by small molecule blockade of this surface on WDR5. Inhibited and uninhibited WDR5-containing complexes from HEK293 cells were quantitatively compared by SILAC-based proteomics. Of the high confidence proteins affected by this inhibition, one protein, PDPK1, was investigated further by mass spectrometry for identification of post translational modifications that could influence binding to WDR5.
Project description:The regulatory role of the Fis protein in fis and in the transcription of several gene regions during mid-exponential and late-stationary phase, and during different growth aeration regimes, has been investigated. Studies were done during those two growth phases and in aerated and non-aerated (microaerobic) conditions, to measure Fis enrichment and binding peaks in strategic gene regions by genome-wide microarray analysis ChIP-chip. This research investigation points to central roles for SPI-1, SPI-2, DNA gyrase and topoisomerase I, the elements of the stringent response, and the regulatory function of Fis-binding patterns, in setting and re-setting the activity of the fis gene and other involved promoters as a function of the growth conditions and aeration regimes experienced by Salmonella. One sample with four different treatments. Three biological replicates per sample. The Aerated 2 hour sample was set as the control condition for all samples.
Project description:In pursuit of a biological role of Salmonella 3' UTR derived sRNA NarS ,we sought to determine potential target mRNAs of NarS under anaerobic conditions. To this end, we compared gene expression in NarS-deficient and NarS overexpression (from plasmid pPL-NarS) strains following a 30-minute anaerobic shock by RNA-seq.
Project description:The receptor-like protein kinases encoded by HAESA (HAE) and HAESA-LIKE 2 (HSL2) are essential for floral organ abscission in Arabidopsis thaliana and the double hae hsl2 mutant fails to abscise. Expression of HAE and HSL2 is specific to Abscission Zone (AZ) cells and is higher in stage 15 flowers than in earlier developmental stages. By stage 16 floral organs have begun to abscise, suggesting that HAE HSL2 are most active in stage 15 flowers. Samples were enriched for AZ RNA by isolating RNA from flower receptacles, the region from the base of the flower to slightly above the base of attachment of the sepals, petals, and stamen. RNA-seq was then used to analyze and compare the transcriptomes of wild type and hae-3 hsl2-3 mutants. 2034 genes were differentially expressed with a False Discovery Rate adjusted p < 0.05, of which 349 genes 2 fold or greater change. Of these 349, 277 were lower in the mutant and 72 were higher. Differentially expressed genes with lower expression were enriched for hydrolytic enzymes, cell-wall modifying enzymes, and defense related genes. This suggests that HAE HSL2 signaling regulates gene expression of enzymes necessary for abscission. 6 samples were sequenced, 3 biological replicates of Col-0 wild type and 3 biological replicates of the hae-3 hsl2-3 double mutant. Samples were barcoded and all 6 samples multiplexed and sequenced on 3 lanes, each lane on a separate flow cell, of an Illumina HiSeq 2000.
Project description:Here we use protein microarray technology and proteome-wide glycosylation profiling to show that conserved aspartate residues in the tetratricopeptide repeat (TPR) lumen of OGT drive substrate selection. Changing these residues to alanines alters substrate selectivity and unexpectedly increases rates of protein glycosylation. Our findings support a model where sites of glycosylation for many OGT substrates are determined by TPR domain contacts to substrate side chains five to fifteen residues Cterminal to the glycosite. In addition to guiding design of inhibitors that target OGT’s TPR domain, this information will inform efforts to engineer substrates to explore biological functions.