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Transcription profiling by array of adult rat tails following spinal cord transection

ABSTRACT: Spinal cord injury leads to impaired motor and sensory functions. After spinal cord injury there is a an initial phase of hypo-reflexia followed by a developing hyper-reflexia, often termed spasticity. Previous studies have suggested a relationship between the reappearance of plateau potentials in motor neurons and the development of spasticity after spinalization. To understand the molecular mechanism behind this phenomena we examined the transcriptional response of the motor neurons after spinal cord injury as it progress over time. We used a rat tail injury model where a complete transection of the caudal (S2) rat spinal cord leads to an immediate flaccid paralysis of the tail and a subsequent appearance of spasticity 2-3 weeks post injury that develops into strong spasticity after 2 months. Gene expression changes were studied in motor neurones 0, 2, 7, 21 and 60 days after complete spinal transection. Tail MNs were retrogradely labelled with Fluoro-Gold injected into the muscle and intra peritoneally. 5-7 days after tracer injections the spinal cord was dissected out, snap-frozen in liquid nitrogen, sliced in 10 um thick slices and fluorescent motor neurons were laser dissected into a collector tube to a total of ca. 50-200 cells pr sample. RNA was then extracted, two round amplified and hybridized to Affymetrix rat 230 2.0 arays. 31 samples were hybridized onto chips, 4 Spi-0 (Control), 6 Spi-2, 5 Spi-7, 8 Spi-21 and 8 Spi-60.


ORGANISM(S): Rattus norvegicus  

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-19701 | ExpressionAtlas | 2015-09-08

REPOSITORIES: ExpressionAtlas

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Transcriptional regulation of gene expression clusters in motor neurons following spinal cord injury.

Ryge Jesper J   Winther Ole O   Wienecke Jacob J   Sandelin Albin A   Westerdahl Ann-Charlotte AC   Hultborn Hans H   Kiehn Ole O  

BMC genomics 20100609

BACKGROUND: Spinal cord injury leads to neurological dysfunctions affecting the motor, sensory as well as the autonomic systems. Increased excitability of motor neurons has been implicated in injury-induced spasticity, where the reappearance of self-sustained plateau potentials in the absence of modulatory inputs from the brain correlates with the development of spasticity. RESULTS: Here we examine the dynamic transcriptional response of motor neurons to spinal cord injury as it evolves over tim  ...[more]

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